Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 1

3EC1A Electronic equipment and circuits

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 3º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Semiconductor Physics - Mobility and Conductivity, Charge

Density in semiconductors, Fermi-Dirac distribution, Fermi-Dirac statistics

and Fermi-Dirac's Boltzmann approximation, carrier statistics

Concentrations and Fermi levels in semiconductors, generating and

Charge recombination, diffusion and continuity equations, transport

Equations, law of mass action, Hall effect. 8

two

Junction Diodes - Formation of Homojunctions and Heterojunctions

Diode and its energy band diagram, calculation of contact potential and

Depletion Width, V-I Characteristics, Small Signal Diode Model, Diode as

Circuit elements, diode parameters and load line concepts, C-V

properties and doping profiles.

Applications of Diodes in Rectification, Limiting, Clamping and Voltage Circuits

Multiplier, transient behavior of PN diodes, turn-off diodes, Schottky

Diodes and Zener diodes as voltage regulators, structures, characteristics and

How UJTs work. 8

three

Transistors - Characteristics, Current Components, Current Gain: alpha

and beta. Variation of transistor parameters with temperature and current level,

Operating point, hybrid model, transistor DC model, h-parameter equivalent

circuit. CE, CB and CC configurations. CE single stage DC and AC analysis,

DC (emitter follower) and CB amplifiers AC and DC load lines, Ebers-Moll

Model. Polarization and Stabilization Technology. Thermal runaway, thermal stability. 8

4

JFETs and MOSFETs - Construction and Operation, Noise Performance

Small signal models, biasing of FETs, parasitic MOSFETs, JFETs, and MOSFETs

JFET and MOSFET, CS and low-frequency single-stage CD (source

follower) JFET amplifier with FET as voltage variable resistor and FET as active

load. 8

V

Low Frequency Small Signal Amplifier - Analysis

BJT and FET multistage amplifiers, DC and RC coupled amplifiers. frequency

Single and multi-stage amplifier response, midband gain, low gain and high gain

high frequency.

Analysis of DC and differential amplifiers, Miller's theorem, Miller's use and

Start configuration. Cascade configuration and multi-level cascading

Amplifiers (CE-CE, CE-CB, CS-CS and CS-CD) such as Darlington. 8

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 2

textbook:

1. Integrated Electronics, Millman Halkias, T.M.H, (2001)

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, R.L. Boylestad, Louis Nashelsky, Pearson Education

1978

2 Electronic Devices and Circuits, David Bell, Oxford Press 2009

3 M Rashid – Microelectronic Circuits: Analysis and Design, Cengage Learning 1999

4 Millman, Electronic Devices and Circuits, TMH 2010

5 Electronics, 7e, Floyd, Pearson 2008

6 A.S. Sedra and K.C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, Saunder's College Publishing 1991

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 3

3EC2A Data Structures and Algorithms

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 3º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Algorithm Definition and Characteristics - Structure,

It is difficult to estimate the exact execution time of an algorithm, the concept

Program complexity, asymptotic notation: Big-Oh, theta, Omega-

Definition and examples, determining time and space complexity

Simple algorithm without recursion, expressing asymptotic functions

The symbol is 5n2-6n=θ(n

2)

ARRAYS: array as storage element, Row main form and Column main form

Array, calculates the address of an n-dimensional array element. 6

two

Arrays are used as storage elements to represent one or more polynomials

More degrees of addition and multiplication, transposed sparse matrices and

Circular queues for multiply, stack, queue, dequeue, insert and delete

Transpose of sparse matrix with overflow and underflow conditions

Algorithms of varying complexity (including for operations such as

mentioned).

Expression Evaluation - Priority Concepts and

Associativity in expressions, difficulties dealing with infix expressions,

Operator precedence resolution and operand associativity, Postfix &

prefix expression, converts an expression from one form to another

Using the stack (with and without parentheses), infix expression evaluation,

Use the suffix and prefix forms of the stack. recursion. 10

three

Linear Linked Lists - linearly linked single, double, and cyclic links

Linked List - insert at/from start, delete and any point in sequence or

Unordered lists, array comparisons, and linked lists as data structures

The link implementation of stack, queue and queue output, the algorithm of

Stack insertion, deletion and traversal, enqueue, dequeue implementation

Link structure. polynomial representation of addition using linked lists,

Head Node Concept in Linked List SEARCH - Sequential and Binary Search

8

4

Nonlinear structure - definition of tree, concept of feature

child, sibling, parent-child relationship, etc., binary tree: different types

Binary tree based on node distribution, binary tree (thread and

unthreaded) as a data structure, the insertion, deletion and traversal of binary trees,

Build a binary tree based on the traversal results. Chained binary tree. time

Insertion, deletion, and traversal complexity in chained and plain binary files

Tree. AVL tree: the concept of a balanced tree, the balance factor in the AVL tree,

AVL tree insertion and deletion, AVL tree balance after insertion

and repulsion. Use trees to represent collections. 9

V

GRAPHICS - definitions, relationships between trees and graphs, directed and undirected

Graphs, graph representations using adjacency matrices and lists. depth-first and

Magnitude-first traversal of the graph, finding connected components and spanning 7

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 4

Tree. Single source single destination shortest path algorithm

Sorting - Insertion, quick, heap, topological, and bubble sort algorithms for different characteristics of the input data. A comparison of sorting algorithms in terms of time complexity. Notes: 1. Algorithms for any operations mentioned in Data Structures or required to implement a particular Data Structure are covered in the course.

Total 40

textbook:

1. Malik – Data Structures Using C++, Cengage Learning (2010)

Reference books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Drozdek – Data Structures and Algorithms in C++, Cengage Learning 2013

2 Introduction to Data Structures and Applications Author: Jean-Paul Tremblay, P. G.

Sorensen, TMH 1984

3 Data Structures in C/C++, Horowitz, Sawhney, Galgotia 2001

4 Gilberg & Forouzan - Data Structures: A Pseudocode Approach Using C, Cengage learning 2004

5 Data Structures in C/C++, Tanenbaum, Pearson 2014

6 Data Structures in C++, Weiss, Parson 1992

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 5

3EC3A Digital Electronics

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 3º

Longest term brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Number systems, elementary and boolean logic gates

Algebra - Binary arithmetic and root representation of different numbers.

Sign and magnitude representation, fixed-point representation, two's complement

Symbols, various codes and arithmetic in different codes and their mutual conversion.

Features of Logical Algebra, Hypothesis of Boolean Algebra, Theorem of Boolean Algebra

algebra. Boolean function. Derived logic gates: Exclusive-OR, NAND, NOR

ports, their block diagrams and truth tables. Boolean Logic Diagram

Expressions, and vice versa, transform logic diagrams into general logic.

Positive, negative and mixed logic, logic gate conversion. 8

two

Characteristics of Digital Logical Ports - Characteristics of TTL Logical Ports. Theory and operation of TTL NAND gates. TTL open collector. Three-state output logic. TTL subfamily. MOS and CMOS logic families, implementation of logic gates in RTL, DTL, ECL, C-MOS and MOSFETs, interface between logic families.

6

three

Minimization techniques - Minterm, Maxterm, Karnaugh maps, K-

Map up to 4 variables, use K-map to simplify logistic functions, transform

Truth tables in POS and SOP formats. incompletely specified function, variable

map. Quinn-Mc Klusky minimization technique. 10

4

Combinational Systems - Combinational logic circuit design, adders and half adders, subtractors. Serial and parallel binary adders. BCD adder. Binary multiplier. Decoder: Binary to gray decoder, BCD code to decimal, BCD code to seven-segment code decoder. Multiplexer, demultiplexer, encoder. Octal to binary, BCD to excess encoder 3. Diode switch matrix. Design logic circuits with multiplexers, encoders, decoders, and demultiplexers.

8

V

Timing Systems - Latches, Flip Flops, R-S, D, J-K, Master-Slave Flip-Flops. Flip-flop transitions, counters: synchronous and asynchronous ripple and decade counters, modulo counters, state jump counters, counter design, state diagrams and state reduction techniques, ring counters, counter applications, registers: buffer registers, shift registers.

8

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 6

textbook:

1. Integrating Digital Electronics, by Herbert Taub, Donald L. Schilling, TMH (2004)

2. Digital Logic and Computer Design, M. Morris Mano, Pearson (1979)

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Ghoshal – Eletrônica Digital，Cengage Learning 2012

2 Roth - Fundamentals of Logic Design, Learning Cengage 2014

3 Digital and Impulse Switching Waveforms By Millman Taub, TMH 1984

4 Fundamentals of digital circuits, A. Anand kumar, PHI 2009

5 Leach, Digital Principles and Applications, TMH 1995

7 Digital Electronics: Principles and Integrated Circuits, Maini, Wiley 2007

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 7

3EC4A Circuit Analysis and Synthesis

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 3º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Network Theorems and Elements - Thevenin,

Norton, Reciprocity, Overlay, Compensation, Miller, Tellegen and

Maximum power transfer theorem. A network with dependent sources.

Inductively Coupled Circuits—Mutual Inductance, Coupling Coefficient, and

Mutual inductance between parts of the same circuit and between parallel circuits

branches. Equivalent Transformer, Inductive and Conductive Coupling

circuit. 8

two

Transient Analysis - Impulse, Step, Ramp and Sine Responses

First and second order circuit analysis. Time Domain and Transformation

Domain Analysis (Frequency, Laplace). Initial value theorem and final value theorem.

Complex periodic waves and their Fourier analysis. Different Types

symmetry. power supply in the circuit. 7

three

Network functions - terminals and terminal pairs, conduction points

Impedance transfer function, pole and zero, pole and zero constraints

position in the s-plane. Time Domain Behavior of Pole and Zero Plots, Procedure

Finding the network function, stability of the common network of two pairs of terminals

& Causality, Hurwitz polynomials, positive real functions. 9

4

Dual-port network - general dual-port network: two ports

parameters (impedance, admittance, hybrid, ABCD, and S-parameters) and their

relationship. Equivalence of two ports. transformer equivalent,

Interconnection of two port networks. ladder network, mirror impedance,

Image transfer function, application to L-C networks, attenuation and phase shift

On symmetric T and pi networks. 6

V

Network Synthesis - Functional Form of Four Reactances, Specifications

is the reactance function. Cultivate the form of the reactive network. Form

Synthesis of R-L, R-C and L-C Networks in Foster and L-C Networks

Careful form. 10

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 8

textbook:

1. Network Analysis and Synthesis, Kuo, Wiley (2006)

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Circuits and Networks: Analysis and Synthesis, Sudhakar, TMH 2006

2 Sivanagaraju – Circuit Analysis, Learning Cengage 2009

3 Robbins – Circuit Analysis: Theory and Practice, Cengage Learning 2012

4 Electrical Networks, Singh, TMH 2009

5 Circuits, Nilsson, Pearson 2009

6 Linear Circuit Analysis, Decarlo, Oxford, 2007

7 Fundamental Analysis of Engineering Circuits, Irwin, Wiley 2010

8 Network Theory: Analysis and Synthesis, Smarjit Ghosh, PHI 2005

9 Circuit Analysis, Xavier, S.P. Eugenio, New Times 2007

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 9

3EC5A B.Tech Electromagnetic Properties of Materials. (Chief Executive) 3

º Sem. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Dielectric Materials - Introduction, Polarization, Polarizability, Different Types of Polarization, Electronic, Ionic, Orientational and Spatial Polarization, Frequency and Temperature Dependence of Different Polarizations, Dielectric Loss and Tangent Loss, Dynamic Polarization Energy storage and loss, spontaneous polarization phenomena and ferroelectricity, ferromagnetic hysteresis loops, piezoelectricity, piezoelectric materials: quartz, Rochelle salt and PZT, applications of dielectrics.

7

two

Magnetic Materials - Introduction, Magnetization, Current Theory,

Para, Ferro-ferimagnetism and antiferromagnetism, Weiss field and magnetic fields

Magnetic domains, BH hysteresis loops, soft and hard magnetic materials and their

application, magnetic energy. Magnetostrictive, Giant Magnetostrictive Resistance

(GMR) and its engineering applications. Magnetic spin, new electronics

Magnetic Spin-Based Devices 8

three

Semiconductor Materials - Introduction, Semiconductor Bandgap Structure, Classification of Semiconductors, Degenerate and Nondegenerate Semiconductors, Direct and Indirect Bandgap Semiconductors, Electronic Properties of Silicon, Germanium, Compound Semiconductors, Gallium Arsenide, Gallium Phosphide and Silicon Carbide, Conductivity Variation, resistance, and bandgap of semiconductors with temperature and doping. Thermistors, sensors.

9

4

Conducting and Superconducting Materials - Electricity

Properties of conductive and resistive materials. , Energy gap

Resistivity of metallic structures, conductors and multiphase solids,

Matthiessen's rule, important properties and applications in electronics

Special conductor and resistive materials, superconductors

Phenomena, Type I and Type II Superconductors. theory of

superconductors, high temperature superconductors and

form. 8

V

Nanomaterials - An Introduction, Changes in Band Structures at the Nanoscale. Structure of quantum dots (nanodots) and quantum wires, preparation and characterization of nanomaterials, structure of single-walled and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs), changes in electrical, electronic and optical properties at the nanoscale, potential applications of nanomaterials.

8

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 10

textbook:

1. Kasap, Principles of Electronic Materials and Devices, TMH (2005).

2. Robert M Rose, Lawrence A. Shepard and Jhon Wulff, Structure and Properties of Materials Volume 4

(Electronic Properties), Wiley Eastern University Press. (2011)

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Askeland – Materials Science and Engineering, Cengage Learning 2005

2 Electronic Materials and Processes, Kaul Bhan and Jain, Genius Publications 2013

3 Allison, Principles of Electronic Materials and Devices, TMH 2005

4 Neamen, Physics and Semiconductor Devices, TMH 2009

5 Guozhong Cao, Ying Wang Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Nanostructures and Nanomaterials, World Science Series on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

year 2011

6 Dekker, Electrical Properties of Materials 1995

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 11

3EC6A Advanced Engineering Mathematics I

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 3º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

LAPLACE TRANSFORM - The Laplace transform has simple properties and is suitable for solving ordinary and partial differential equations with constant coefficients, especially the wave equation and the diffusion equation.

6

two

FOURIER SERIES & Z TRANSFORM – simple function extensions

in the Fourier series. Half-band series, varying intervals, harmonic analysis. Z

TRANSFORM - Introduction, properties, Z-axis inverse transform. 9

three

Fourier Transform - The complex form of the Fourier transform and its inverse, the Fourier transform of sine and cosine and their inverse. Application of the Fourier transform to the solution of partial differential equations with constant coefficients, in particular the heat equation and the wave equation.

8

IV complex variables - analytical functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations,

Basic conformal maps with simple maps, line integrals

Complex fields, Cauchy's theorem. Cauchy integral formula. 9

V Complex variables - Taylor series, poles of Laurent series, residuals, simple definite real integrals using the residual theorem. Simple contour integration.

8

all

Textbooks 1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Irvin Kreyszig, Wiley (2010) 2. Engineering Mathematics: Fundamentals of Electronics, Electricity, Communications, and Systems

Engineer, 3rd and Croft, Pearson (2009)

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Datta – Mathematical Methods for Science and Engineering, Cengage Learning 2006

2 O'Neil – Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Cengage Learning 2012

3 Mathematical Engineering, T Veerarajan, TMH 2005

4 Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Potter, Oxford 2005

5 Mathematical Methods, Dutta, D., New Age 2006

6 Elementary Number Theory and Its Applications: Thomas Koshy, 2nd place

Ed, Elsevier. 2007

7 Mathematical Engineering III Professor KC Sarangi et al., Genius Publications 2013

8 Mathematical Engineering, Babu Ram, Pearson 2009

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 12

3EC7A Electronic Instrument Workshop

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 3º

No. maximum. Tags: 75

Exam 2P: 3H

number content

1 Identification, research and testing of various electronic components: (a) Resistors-

Various types, color coded (b) Capacitors - various types, coded, (c) Inductors (d)

Diode (e) Transistor (f) SCR (g) IC (h) Photodiode (i) Phototransistor (j) LED (k)

LDR (l) Potentiometer.

2 Symbol studies of various electrical and electronic components, equipment, circuits

Function etc.

3 Research and experiment on the CRO demo kit.

4 Soldering and desoldering practices.

5 Design and make the PCB of the regulated power supply.

Use the PCB to assemble the regulated power supply and test it.

6 Investigate and plot the characteristics of the following optoelectronic devices – (a) LEDs (b)

LDR (C) Photovoltaic Cell (d) Optocoupler (e) Photodiode (f) Phototransistor (g)

Solar battery

7 Study the specifications and operation of transistor radio kits (AM and FM), and

Measure it.

8 Study the specification and operation of public address systems.

9 Prepare the PCB design layout using software tools.

10 Manufacture the PCB and test the electronic circuits on the PCB.

11 Design and test switching power supply using IC

12 Study the specifications and operation of DVD players.

13 Learn the specifications and operation of LCD TVs.

14 Study the specifications and operation of LED TVs.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 13

3EC8A Computer Programming Lab-I

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 3º

No. maximum. Tags: 75

Exam 2P: 3H

number content

1 Write a simple C program with a 32-bit compiler and understand the concept of arrays

Storage, one word size. The program should illustrate the line concept

Column primary and primary storage. Find the element address and use

theoretical value. Programs can be written for matrices up to 4 dimensions.

2 Using one-dimensional arrays to simulate stacks, queues, circular queues, and cancel queues

storage element. The program must implement adding, removing and

Pass the operation.

3 Use an array to represent a 2-variable polynomial. Use this representation to achieve

Add polynomials.

4 Use arrays to represent sparse matrices. Implement addition and transpose

Use the indicated operation.

5 Implement singly linked lists, doubly linked lists, and circular linked lists by illustrating operations such as

Adding different positions, deleting and traversing specified positions.

6 Repeat exercises 2, 3 and 4 with the link structure.

7 The realization of the binary tree, with operations such as adding, deleting, and passing.

8 First-depth and first-breadth traversals of graphs using adjacency matrices and representations

list.

9 Implement binary search in arrays and linked binary search trees.

10 Implementations of insertion, quick, heap, topology and bubble sort algorithms.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 14

3EC9A Electronic Equipment Laboratory

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 3º

No. maximum. Tags: 75

Exam 2P: 3H

number content

1 Investigate the following equipment: (a) Analog and digital multimeters (b) Function/signal

Generator (c) Regulated d. w. power supply (constant voltage constant current

operation) (d) simulated CRO study, measuring time period, amplitude, frequency

& Phase angle using Lissajous graph.

2 Draw the V-I characteristics of the P-N junction diode, calculate the cut-off voltage, reverse

saturation current and static and dynamic resistance.

Figure 3 V-I characteristic diagram of Zener diode and study of Zener diode as voltage regulator.

Observe the effect of load changes and determine the regulator load limit.

4 Plot the frequency response of a single-stage amplifier and determine the gain bandwidth

product

5 Plot the drain current-drain voltage and drain current-gate bias field characteristics

Measurement of Effect Transistor and Idss & Vp

6 Applications of Diodes as Limiters and Clampers

7 Plot the gain-frequency characteristic of a two-stage RC-coupled amplifier and calculate its

bandwidth and compare with theoretical values.

8 Track the gain-frequency characteristics of the emitter follower, and find its input and output

resistance.

9 Plot the BJT input and output characteristics in CB, CC, and CE configurations. looking for you

parameter h

10 Investigate the effect of half-wave rectifiers and filters on the waveform. Also calculate the target value and

actual ripple factor.

11 Study the bridge rectifier and measure the effect of the filter network on the DC voltage output and

Ripple factor.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 15

3EC10A Digital Electronics Laboratory

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 3º

No. maximum. Tags: 75

Exam 2P: 3H

number content

1 Look at the truth tables for basic logic gates: AND, OR, NOR, NAND, NOR. also for

Check the truth table for Ex-OR, Ex-NOR (for 2, 3 and 4 inputs use gates with 2, 3 and 4

appetizer).

2 Check the truth table of OR, AND, NOR, Ex-OR, Ex-NOR using NAND &

NOR gate.

3 Execute the SOP and POS expressions.

4 Implement half adder/subtracter and full adder/subtractor using NAND and NOR gates

and check your truth table

5 Implement 4-bit waveform adder/subtractor using basic and basic full half adder/subtractor

Adder/subtractor.

6 Examine the truth tables for the 4-to-1 multiplexer and 1-to-4 demultiplexer.

Multiplexers use only basic ports. Can also build an 8-to-1 and 1-to-8 multiplexer

Demultiplexer using 4-to-1 multiplexer and 1-to-4 demultiplexer blocks

7 Design and build a combinational circuit that will accept 2421 BCD codes and drive a

TIL-312 seven-segment display

8 Implement clocked and unclocked R-S, J-K, and D flip-flops using basic logic gates

Label and check its truth table.

9 Constructs an asynchronous counter that divides by 2, 4, and 8. Build a 4-bit binary counter

and ring counters with specific output modes using D flip-flops.

10 Perform input and output operations on parallel input and output and serial input and output

Use the clock to record. Also practice loading only one of several values into a register.

Use a multiplexer.

NOTE: Experiments will be done on a breadboard as much as possible. However

Experiments nºs 1-4 can only be done on a breadboard

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 16

3EC11A Business Entrepreneurship

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 3º

No. maximum. Brand: 50

2P exam: 3H

number content

1 Introduction to Entrepreneurship - Concepts and

Needs, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth.

2 Entrepreneurial Skills - Leadership, Decision Making,

Motivation, adventure.

3 BUSINESS PLAN - IDENTIFY BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY, IDEAS

Generation, requirements estimation, elaboration of project reports, feasibility analysis.

4 Intellectual Property, Patents, Taxation - Central Taxation

& Sales tax, VAT.

5 Government Policy - Entrepreneurs, Entrepreneurial Career

Opportunities for engineers, case studies.

textbook:

1. Rajeev Roy – Entrepreneurship Oxford.. (2009)

Related books:

1. Bouchoux – Intellectual Property: Trademarks, Copyrights, Patents and Trade Secrets, Cengage

apprentice. (2008)

2. Daft – Leadership, Cengage Learning. (2014)

3. Kuratko/Rao – Entrepreneurship: A South Asian Perspective, Cengage Learning. (2012)

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 17

4EC1A Analog Electronics

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 4º

Longest term brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Feedback Amplifiers - Classification, Feedback Concepts, Feedback Topology, Transmission Gain with Feedback, General Characteristics of Negative Feedback Amplifiers. Analysis of voltage series, voltage shunt, current series and current shunt feedback amplifiers. Stability criteria. Compensation Techniques, Miller Compensation.

9

two

Oscillators and Multivibrators - Classified. standard

oscillation. Tuned Collector, Hartley, Colpitts, RC Phase Shift, Wien

Bridge and crystal oscillators, astable, monostable and bistable

multivibrator. Schmitt trigger. Block the oscillator. 7

three

High Frequency Amplifier - Hybrid Pi Model, Conductance

and hybrid Pi models of capacitors, high-frequency analysis of CE amplifiers,

Gain Bandwidth Product, Unity Gain Frequency fT, High Emitter Follower

frequency. 8

4

TUNE AMPLIFIER - bandpass amplifier, parallel resonant circuit, bandwidth of parallel resonant circuit. Analysis of single tuned amplifiers, primary and secondary tuned amplifiers with BJTs and FETs, dual tuned transformer coupled amplifiers. Interleaved tuned amplifier. Pulse response of such amplifiers, Class C tuned amplifiers, shunt spike circuits for higher bandwidth.

7

V

Power Amplifiers - Classification, Power Transistors and Power MOSFETs (DMOS, VMOS). Output power, power dissipation, and efficiency analysis of Class A, Class B, Class AB, Class C, Class D, and Class E amplifiers as output stages. Push-pull amplifiers with and without transformers, complementary symmetric and quasi-complementary symmetric amplifiers

9

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 18

textbook

1. Millman, Integrated Electronics, TMH. (1972)

2. A. S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith, Microelectronic Circuits, Oxford University Press. (2007)

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 M. H. Rashid, Analysis and Design of Microelectronic Circuits, Cengage Learning 2010

2 Electronic Devices and Circuits – II, R. Tiwari, Genius Publications 2013

3 Salivahnan, Electronic Devices and Circuits, TMH. 1998

4 Fundamentals of Analog Circuits 2e, Floyd, Pearson 2012

5 David A. BELL, Electronic Devices and Circuits, Oxford University Press. 2009

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 19

4EC2A Random Variables and Stochastic Processes

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 4º

Longest term brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Probability - Introduction, Definitions, Conditional Probability,

joint experiment. 7

two

Random Variables - Introduction, Distribution and Density Functions,

discrete and continuous random variables, (Gaussian), exponential,

Rayleigh、Uniforme、Bernoulli、Binominal、Poisson、Uniforme discreto e

conditional distribution. Functions of random variables:

Distribution functions, mean, variance, moments, and characteristics. 8

three

Multiple random variables - distribution, two Pne functions

Random Variables, Two Functions of Two Random Variables, Joint Moments, Ensembles

characteristic function, conditional distribution, conditional expected value,

Statistical independence. Multiple Random Variables: Multiple Functions of

Multiple random variables, joint Gaussian random variables, sum

Variables, central limit theorem. 9

4

Stochastic Process - Definition, Concept of Stochastic Process,

Statistics for Stochastic Processes: Mean, Autocorrelation, Rigorous, and Extensive

Steady-state, stochastic processes, and linear systems. 7

V

Stochastic Processes in the Frequency Domain - Powers

Spectrum of a random process, LTI transfer, Gaussian sum

White process, power spectral density characteristic. 9

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 20

textbook

1. Probability, Random Variables, and Stochastic Processes, Papoulis, TMH (2002)

2. Stochastic Processes, 2nd Edition, Ross, Wiley. (1996)

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Devore – Probability and Statistics for Engineering and Science, Cengage Learning 2011

2 Mendenhall – Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Learning Cengage 2012

3 Principles of Probability, Random Variables, and Random Signs, Peebles, TMH 2002

4 Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes for Engineers, Bhat, Pearson 2011

5 Probability and stochastic processes and their applications to signal processing, 3/e, Stark,

Pearson 2002

6 Random Variables and Stochastic Processes, Gaur and Srivastava, Genius Publication 2003

7 Stochastic Processes: Filtering, Estimation, and Detection, Ludeman, Wiley 2002

8 An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications, Feller, Wiley 1969

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 21

4EC3A Measuring and Electronic Instruments

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 4º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Theory of Error - Accuracy and Precision, Repeatability, Limits

errors, systematic and random errors, modeling errors, probabilistic errors and

Standard deviation, Gaussian error analysis, error combination. 7

two

Electronic Instruments - Electronic Voltmeters, Electronics

Multimeters, digital voltmeters and component measuring instruments: Q

meter, vector impedance meter, RF power and voltage measurement,

Introduction to shielding and grounding. 9

three

Oscilloscopes - CRT Construction, Basic CRO Circuits, CRO Probes,

Frequency, Phase Angle and Time Measurement Techniques

Delay, multibeam, multitrace, memory and sampling oscilloscopes. 6

4

Signal Generation and Signal Analysis - Sine Waves

Generators, Frequency Synthesis Signal Generators, Sweeping Frequency

dynamo. Signal Analysis - Measurement Technology, Waveform Analyzers,

and frequency - selective wave analyzer, heterodyne wave analyzer, harmonic

Distortion analyzer and spectrum analyzer. 8

V

Sensors - classification, selection criteria, characteristics,

The structure, working principle and application of the following content

Sensors:- RTDs, Thermocouples, Thermistors, LVDTs, Strain Gages,

Bourdon tubes, seismic accelerometers, tacogenerators, load cells,

Piezoelectric transducers, ultrasonic flow meters. 10

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 22

textbook

1. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement, Bell, Oxford. (2007)

2. Instrumentation and Electronic Measurements, Bernard Oliver, TMH.(1971)

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Electronic Instrumentation, H S Kalsi, TMH 2012

2 Instrumental Measurement and Analysis, B.C. Nakra, K.K. Chowdhury, TMH 2004

3 Electronic Instruments and Measurements, Gupta & Soni, Genius Bar. 2014

4 Instrumentation and Electronic Measurement, Bernard Oliver, John Cage, TMH 1971

5 Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement, Lal Kishore, Pearson 2010

6 Electronic Instruments and Measuring Components, Carr, Pearson 1996

7 Engineering Surveying Instruments, No. 2, Dally, Wiley 1993

8 Introduction to Measurement and Instrumentation, Arun K. Ghosh, PHI 2012

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 23

4EC4 Electromagnetic Field Theory

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 4º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Introduction - Vector Algebra, Different Coordinate Systems, Relations

In the general rectangular coordinate system, cylindrical coordinate system, spherical coordinate system and curvilinear coordinate system.

Line, surface and volume integrals, concepts and physical explanations

Gradients, divergences and ripples. Divergence, Stokes and Green's theorem. 6

two

Electrostatics - Electric field strength and magnetic flux density (D). electrical

due to various load configurations. Gauss' Law, Divergence of Electricity

Flow and Maxwell's first equation, potential functions and

potential gradient. Maxwell's curl equation for the electrostatic field.

Poisson and Laplace equations and their solutions. current disagreement

Continuity equations for density (J) and current. Duality of J and D, Capacitance

and electrostatic energy. Determine the field by imaging methods,

Boundary conditions, field mapping, and field element concepts. 9

three

MAGNETOSTATIC - Bio-Savart's Law, Magnetic Ampere Circuit Law

Field strength H, magnetic flux density B and magnetization M, their interrelationships.

H curl. Magnetic scalar and vector potentials, Faraday's law, self-sum

mutual inductance, energy stored in the magnetic field, boundary conditions,

Electric and Magnetic Field Analogy, Field Mapping and Field Concepts

cell. 9

4

Time-varying field - displacement current, displacement vector

and the continuity equation. Maxwell's equations, uniform plane wave

free space, dielectrics and conductors, penetration depth skin effect,

sinusoidal time variation, uniform plane wave reflection and refraction,

SWR. Pointing vector and power considerations. 9

V

Emissions, EMI and EMC - Delay Potentials and Concepts

Radiation, radiation from small current components. Radiation resistance:

Introduction to Electromagnetics and Electromagnetic Interference

compatibility, EMI errors in equipment, EMI standards, EMI coupling

mode, interference cancellation method, shielding, grounding,

EMI conducted, EMI test: launch test, sensitivity test. 7

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 24

textbook:

1. Sadiku, Electromagnetic Field Theory, Oxford .(2000)

2. Mahapatra, Principles of Electromagnetism, TMH. (2011)

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Kshetrimeyum – Electromagnetic Field Theory, Learning Cengage 2012

2 Hayt, Electromagnetic Engineering, TMH 2007

3 Jordan Balmain, Electromagnetic Field Theory and Radiation, PHI 1968

4 Kaduskar, Principles of Electromagnetism, Wiley 2010

5 Reitz, Fundamentals of Electromagnetic Theory, Pearson 2009

6 Seavganokar, Electromagnetic Waves, TMH 2005

7 Rao, Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines, Wiley 2012

8 David K. Chang, Electromagnetic Field Theory, Pearson 1999

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 25

4EC5A Optimization Technology

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 4º

Longest term brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Introduction - historical development, engineering application

Optimization, formulation of design problems like mathematics

Programming Questions, Ranked 8 for Optimization Questions

two

Linear Programming - Simplex, Modified Simplex,

Duality in linear programming, post-optimality analysis. 8

III Applications of Linear Programming -

Transport and Distribution Issues 6

4

nonlinear programming - unrestricted optimization techniques,

forward search method, descent method, constrained optimization, direct

and indirect methods. 10

V

Dynamic Programming - Introduction, Multiple Decision Processes,

Calculator 8

Total 40

textbook

1. Albright - Data analysis, optimization and simulation modeling, Cengage Learning. (year 2011)

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Hiller and Lieberman, Introduction to Operations Research (Seventh Edition), TMH 2010

2 Prasad – Operations Research, Learning Cengage 2011

3 Ravindren Philips and Solberg, Principles and Practice of Operations Research (according to

version), Willie

2007

4 Anderson – Introduction to Management Science, Quantitative Methods for Decision Making

Do, Learn Cengage

2012

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 26

4EC6A Advanced Engineering Mathematics-II

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 4º

Longest term brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Numerical Analysis - Finite Differences - Forward, Backward and

core difference. Newton Positive Contrast, Interpolation

formula. Stirling formula, Lagrangian interpolation formula. 6

two

Numerical Analysis - Integration - Trapezoidal Rule, Simpson's Third

and the three-eighths rule. The numerical solution of the ordinary differential equation for

First order - Picard method, Euler method and modified Euler method, Milling method

Fourth-order methods and Runga-Kutta, differential methods. 8

three

Special functions - Bessel functions of the first and second kind, simple

Recursion relations, Bezier's orthogonal properties, transformations,

Generating functions, Legendre functions of the first kind. simple recursion

Relations, Orthogonal Properties, Generating Functions. 9

4

Statistics and Probability - basic theory of probability,

IV Baye's theorem with simple applications, expectations, theory

Probability Distributions - Binomial, Poisson, and Normal distributions. OK

Regression, correlation, and rank correlation. 9

V

Calculation of Changes - Functional Changes, Strong Changes and Weak Changes

Simple variational problems, Euler's equations. 8

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 27

textbook

1. Engineering. advanced. Mathematics, Irvin Kreyszig, Wiley. (2007)

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Datta – Mathematical Methods for Science and Engineering, Learning Cengage 2012

2 O'Neil – Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Cengage Learning 2007

3 Applied Statics and Probability, Montgomery, Wiley 2013

4 Mathematical Engineering, T Veerarajan, TMH 2011

5 Mathematical Tricks, Jordan, Oxford 2002

6 Mathematical Engineering IV, K.C. Sarangi et al., Genius Publications 2011

7 Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Potter, Oxford 2005

8 Advanced Mathematics for Engineering, 2/e, Greenberg 1998

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 28

4EC7A Computer Programming Lab-II

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 4º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

Exam 2P: 3H

number content

C++ program

1 Write a program to perform complex arithmetic operations.

2 Write a program to perform arithmetic operations on rational numbers.

3 Write a program to perform array operations. (transpose, addition, subtraction,

multiplication, checks if a matrix is symmetric/lower triangular/upper triangular)

4 Implement Morse code to text conversion and vice versa.

5 Calculate the greatest common divisor of some numbers.

6 Implement the Towers of Hanoi problem.

java programming

7 Implement spell checking using a dictionary.

8 Implements a color picker from a given set of colors.

9 Implements a shape selector for a given set of shapes.

10 Implement a calculator and its functions.

11 Implemented turtle graphics when mapping keys to different colored pens.

12 Implement the graph and display the BFS/DFS ordering of nodes.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 29

4EC8A Analog Electronics Laboratory

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 4º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

Exam 2P: 3H

number content

1 Plotting the frequency gain characteristic of a BJT amplifier with and without feedback

Emitter circuit and determine bandwidth, gain-bandwidth product and 1kHz gain

With and without negative feedback.

2 Research on series and shunt regulators and measurement of line regulation

and ripple factor.

3 Plot and study the characteristics of a small-signal amplifier using FETs.

4 Research on push-pull amplifiers. Measure output power variation and distortion under load.

5 Study the Wein Bridge Oscillator and observe the effect of changes on the R Oscillator

frequency

6 Study transistor phase-shift oscillators and observe changing R & C pair

Oscillator frequency and compare with theoretical value.

7 Study the following oscillators and observe the effect of changing C on the oscillator

Frequency: (a) Hartley (b) Colpitts

Design, fabrication and testing of 8 k derivative filters (LP/HP).

9 Research on digital storage CRO and its transient storage.

10 Retrace the UJT and the characteristics of the UJT as relaxations.

11 Plot the characteristics of MOSFET and CMOS.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 30

4EC9A Metrology and Instrumentation Laboratory

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 4º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

Exam 2P: 3H

number content

1 Measure ground resistance using the fall-of-potential method.

2 Plot the V-I characteristic and measure the open circuit voltage and short circuit current of the solar system

control panel

3 Measure the capacitance resistance of the unknown inductance using the following jumpers (a)

Ponte Anderson (b) Ponte Maxwell

4 Measure the unknown frequency and capacitance using a Wein bridge.

5 Distance measurement with ultrasonic transmitter and receiver.

6 Displacement is measured with the aid of an LVDT.

7 Draw the characteristics of the following temperature sensors (a) RTD (Pt-100) (b)

thermistor.

8 Draw the temperature and voltage characteristics of a K-type thermocouple.

9 Calibrate the ammeter using the DC slide-wire potentiometer.

10 Strain/force measurement with extensometer load cells.

11 Investigate the operation of the Q meter and measure the Q of the coil.

12 Calibrating Single-Phase Power Meters (Analog and Digital) via Phantom Charging

Different power factors: (i) phase shifting transformers (ii) autotransformers.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 31

4EC10A Humanities and Social Sciences

B.Technology. (Chief Executive) 4º

No. Full score: 50

Exam 2P: 3H

number content

1 India - A Brief History of the Indian Constitution - Framework, Features, Fundamental Rights,

obligation.

2 Society- Social Groups- Concept and Types, Socialization- Concept and Theory, Social

Concept of control, social issues, status and role in contemporary India.

3 Microeconomics - demand, supply and its elasticity, cardinal and ordinal

Consumption methods, consumer surplus, income laws, returns to scale, costs

analyze

4 Macroeconomics - Countries, Money and Bank Revenues, Monetary and Fiscal Policy,

Unemployment, inflation, features of the Indian economy.

5 Introduction to Industrial Psychology – Definition and Scope

Industrial Psychology - Hawthorne School of Science Management and Human Relations

experiment.

Individuals in the workplace: work motivation and satisfaction, stress management,

Organizational culture, leadership and team dynamics.

textbook:

1. Schiller, Essentials of Economics, Mc-Grew Hill, 2013

2. Miner J.B. Industrial/Organizational Psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill. (1992)

Reference books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Kaur – Micro ECON，Cengage Learning 2012

2 McEachern/Indra – Macro ECON，Cengage Learning 2012

3 Lipsay “Economia” Oxford Press 2010

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 32

5EC1A Signals and Systems

B. Technology. (EC) fifth

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L + 1T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Introduction: Continuous-time and discrete-time signals and systems,

system properties.

3

Time-invariant linear systems - continuous and discrete time.

Properties of the LTI system and its block diagram. 5

Convolution, a discrete-time system described by difference equations. 1

two

Fourier series representation of signals: Fourier series representation

Continuous periodic signals and their properties. 3

Fourier series representation of discrete periodic signals and their properties. 3

Continuous-time filters and discrete-time filters described by Diff.

equation. two

three

Fourier transform: from continuous time to

and aperiodic signals, CTFT properties. 4

Discrete-time Fourier transform of periodic and non-periodic signals

DTFT properties. 4

4

Z-Transform and Laplace Transform: Regions of Convergence

Z-transform. Inverse Z-transform. 2D Z-transform. 3

Z-transform properties. 1

Laplace Transforms: Properties of Laplace Transforms, 2

Application of Laplace transform in system analysis. two

V

SAMPLING: The mathematical theory of sampling. sampling theorem.

Ideal and real sampling. two

The interpolation technique used to reconstruct the signal from it

sample. alias. two

frequency sampling field. Sampling of discrete-time signals. 3

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 33

textbook

1. Signals and Systems, Oppenheim, Willsky, Nawab, PHI. (1992)

2. Signals and Systems MJ Roberts, McGraw Hill. (2004)

related books

ID Name of author/book/publisher publication

again

1 Principles of Linear Systems and Symbols, 2e (International Edition), Lathi 2nd,

oxford

year 2002

2 Signals and Systems 3e, Chen 3rd, University of Oxford 2004

3 Signal and System Fundamentals, Wiley 2009

4 Signatures and Systems, P Rao, McGraw Hill 2011

5 Signals and Systems: A Simplified Approach, Ganesh Rao, 4e, Pearson 2012

6 Signals and Systems: Continuous and Discrete, Roger E Ziemer, 4e, PHI 1998

7 Signals and Systems, Ravi Kumar, PHI 2009

8 Signals and Systems, Iyer, Cengage Learning 2009

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 34

5EC2A Integrated Linear Circuit

B.Technology. (CE) 5°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

I OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS: Basic analysis, basic structure and working principle of differential amplifier,

single-ended and double-ended configurations, differential gain calculations,

Common Mode Gain, Opamp Settings with Feedback, Opamp Parameters,

Inverting and non-inverting configurations, comparators, adders.

08

II Op Amp Applications: Integrators, Differentiators, Voltage-to-Frequency and Frequency-to-Voltage Converters.

Oscillators: phase shift, Wien bridge, quadrature, precision rectifier, half wave and full wave

Rectified wave, square wave, triangle wave, sawtooth wave oscillator. Voltage

controlled oscillator.

08

III Active Filters: Low-Pass, High-Pass, Band-Pass and Band-Stop Filters, All-Pass Filters, Switches

Capacitor filter, Butterworth filter design, Chebyshev filter design.

08

CI Linear IV:

Four Quadrant Multiplier and Its Application, Linear IC Voltage Basic Block

voltage regulator, three-terminal voltage regulator, positive and negative voltage

Regulatory Authority. , A/D and D/A converters, analog switches, 555 timers as astable and

monostable multivibrator. Zero-crossing detectors, Schmitt triggers and their

form.

08

V Nonlinear Op Amp Applications: Log and Antilog Amplifiers and Multipliers. Solutions of Differential Equations and

analog computer

Phase Locked Loop: PLL Operation Principle, PLL Linear Model, Blocking Range, Capture Range,

PLL applications such as FM detector, FSK demodulator, AM detector, frequency

Converters, Phase Shifters, Tracking Filters, Signal and Frequency Synchronizers

Synthesizers, PLL building blocks, LM 565 PLL.

08

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 35

textbook

ID Name of author/book/publisher publication

again

1 OP-AMP and Linear Integrated Circuits 2nd Edition, PLHI, by Ramakant A.

Install Gayakwad.

1992

2 Sergei Franco's Operational Amplifier and Analog IC Project. 2007

3 Integrated Electronics: Millman & Halkias Analog and Digital Circuits and Systems. 1972

4 Linear Integrated Circuits by D.R.Chaudhary (WEL). 2007

Related books:

1. Operational amplifier with linear integrated circuit, 4 stages

Ed., W.D. Stanley, Pearson. (2002)

2. Op Amps and Linear Integrated Circuits: Concepts and Applications, Fiore, Cengage学习

(2010)

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 36

5EC3A Telecommunications Engineering

B.Technology. (CE) 5°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

I TRANSMISSION LINE: type of transmission line, general transmission line

Equations, line constants, equivalent circuits, infinite lines and line reflections, SWR

lines with different types of terminals. less distortion and fewer dissipative lines,

Coaxial cables, audio and RF transmission lines, losses

08

Transmission line, quarter wave, half wave and other lengths of line.

Transmission Line Applications: The Smith Chart and Its Applications.

Transmission line applications, impedance matching networks. Single and double stubs

coincide. Measurement of transmission line parameters, measurement

Attenuation, insertion loss, reflection coefficient and standing wave ratio.

08

III Attenuators and filters: elements of telephone transmission networks,

Two-port symmetric and asymmetric networks. different attenuators, π sections and

T-section attenuator, stub match, transmit equalizer filter, constant K-

section, Ladder type, π section, T-section filter, m-derived filter sections, net filter

part.

08

IV TELEPHONY: voice transmission, two-wire/four-wire transmission, multi-channel

system: frequency division and time division multiplexing, echo suppressor and

Eliminator, cross talk. Telephone set, tone dial type, numbering concept

Telephony, Fundamentals of Traffic Engineering, Telephony Traffic Measurement,

User loop design.

08

V Switching and Signaling for Analog and Digital Telephone Networks: An Introduction

Concepts, principles of exchange, degeneracy, availability and classification

Electronic Center, EPABX and SPC Digital Call Center, Fax Service.

PCM switching methods: multi-level switching, time switching, space switching, STS

and TST switch, AC monitoring and signaling concepts.

08

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 37

textbook:

1. Telecommunications Systems Engineering, Roger L. Freeman, Wiley (2004)

2. Telecommunication Switching Systems and Networks, Thiagrajan Vishwanathan, PHI (1994)

Related books:

ID Name of author/book/publisher publication

again

1. Introduction to Telecommunications, Gokhale, Cengage Learning 2011

2. Telecommunications, W. Fraser., PHI 1970

3. Telefonia Digital, Bellamy, Willie. 2000

4. Overview of Schaum's transmission line theory and problems, TMH. 2007

5. Transmission Lines and Networks, Umesh Sinha, Satya Prakashan. 2010

6. E. Keiser & E. Strange, Digital Telephony and Network Integration, (2/e), Van

Nostrand, .

1995

7. The Principles of the Telephone, N.N. Biswas, Sangam Books Ltd. 1993

8. Transmission Lines and Networks, Umesh Sinha, Satya Prakashan

9. Telecommunications Switching, Flow and Networks, J.E. Flood, Pearson

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 38

5EC4A Analog Communication

B.Technology. (CE) 5°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

Exam 3L+1T: 3 hours

Unit content contact information

Hour

I Effects of Noise in Communication Systems: Representation of Bandwidth

Finite and bandpass processes, noise sources and classification, resistor noise,

Network with reactive elements, noise temperature, noise bandwidth, effective input

Noise temperature, noise figure. Noise Figure and Equivalent Noise Temperature

cascade circuit. Narrowband noise representation.

08

II AMPLITUDE MODULATION: frequency conversion, single tone modulation,

Baseband signal recovery, spectrum and power ratio in AM systems. Methods

Modulation and demodulation of AM-DSB, DSB-SC and SSB signals. AM radio

transmitter and receiver, SSB transmit and receive, super

Heterodyne receptor, residual sideband modulation.

09

III Frequency Modulation: Phase and Frequency. Modulation and its relationship,

Spectrum and bandwidth of a sinusoidally modulated FM signal, phasor diagram, narrow

FM band and broadband. Generation and demodulation of FM signals. channel effect

Nonlinearity, AM, FM and PM comparison, FM threshold, PLL demodulator.

FM radio transmitter and receiver.

08

IV AM and FM Noise: Noise in CW Modulated Systems, SNR Calculation

DSB and SSB synchronization detection and AM, SNR envelope detection

Angle modulation system, pre-emphasis and de-emphasis, calculation of threshold

Effects, noise in communication subsystems - internal and external.

08

V Analog Pulse Modulation: Practical Aspects of Sampling: Natural and Flat

Superior sampling. PAM, PWM, PPM reconstruction, modem

method to simulate the noise performance of pulse-modulated systems.

07

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 39

textbook:

1. Analog Communication Systems, P RamaKrishna Rao, McGraw-Hill (2008)

2. Communication Systems, 5ed-, Haykins, Wiley (2009)

Related books:

ID Author Name/Book/Publisher Year

publication

1 Principles of Communication Systems, Herbert Taub, Donald Schilling, Goutam

Saha, TMH

2009

2 Analog and Digital Communication, Schum Series, TMH 2006

3 Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Leon W. Couch, Pearson 2013

4 Analog and Digital Communication Systems, Signaling, TMH 2001

5 An Introduction to Analog and Digital Communications, Haykins, Wiley 2009

6 Electronic Communication Systems, Kennedy Devis, TMH 1999

7 Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Shanmugam, Wiley 1994

8 Proakis J. G. e Salehi M., “Communication Systems Engineering,” Pearson

educate

year 2002

9 Electronic Communication Systems, Blake, Cengage Learning 2006

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 40

5EC5A Microwave Engineering - I

B.Technology. (CE) 5°

Semester Maximum Remarks: 100 3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

I Microwave Transmission Lines: An Introduction to Microwave and

Your application. Rectangular Waveguides: TE and TM Wave Solutions, Session 5

modes, wave impedance and power flow.

Planar Transmission Lines: Stripline and Microstrip –

Propagation Dominant Mode, Field Mode, Characteristic Impedance, Fundamental

Design formulas and functions. Coupling Parallel Striplines and Microstrips

Line - odd and even mode excitation. Slot lines and coplanar lines.

than waveguides. 5

two

Microwave Network Analysis: Impedance and Admittance

matrix, dispersion matrix, parameters for reciprocal and lossless networks,

ABCD matrix, two-port, three-port, four-port typical port scatter matrix

network, switching between dual-port network arrays. 8

three

Microwave Passive Components: Waveguide Components: E-

Flat and Flat H Tees, Magic Tees, Shorting Plungers, Directional Couplers,

and attenuator. 4

Stripline and Microstrip Components: Open and Shorted Terminals. half

wave resonators, grouped with components (inductors, capacitors and resistors) in

Microstrip line ring resonators, 3dB branch couplers, retrograde wave couplers,

Wilkinson power splitter and rat-race hybrid ring. low pass and band pass

filter. 5

4

Microwave Measurement: Microwave Detection, Microwave

Power measurement, impedance measurement, reflection loss measurement

(VSWR) and transmission loss in the component. Passive and Active Circuits

measurement and characterization using network analyzers, spectrum analyzers and

noise meter. 6

V

Microwave Integrated Circuit Technology: Substrates

Microwave integrated circuits (MICs) and their properties. hybrid technology

– Lithographic processes, deposition components and fine particles.

Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuit (MMIC) Technology - Substrates,

MMIC Process, Comparison with Hybrid Integrated Circuit (MIC) Technology

technology). 7

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 41

textbook

1. A. Das e S. Das, Microwave Engineering, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2000.

2. D. M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, 1998. (use latest version)

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 B. Bhat and S. K. Koul, Integrated Microstripline Transmission Lines

Circuitos, Wiley Eastern Ltd.,

1989

2 T. C. Edwards, Fundamentals of Microstrip Circuit Design, John Wiley & Sons, . 1981

3 K. C. Gupta, R. Garg, I. Bahl, and P. Bhartia, Microstrip and slot lines, vol.

Edition, Casa Artech

1996

4 K.C Gupta, Microwave, Wiley Eastern Ltd. 1979

5 PA Rizzi, Microwave Engineering - Passive Circuits, Prentice Hall, . 1988

6 Robert E. Collin, Fundamentals of Microwave Engineering, Issue 2, 2012

7 Microwave Engineering, Raghuvanshi, Cengage Learning

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 42

5EC6.1A Biomedical Instruments

B.Technology. (EC) Week 5 3L+0T brand: 100

Exam time: 3

Unit content Contact time

I Subsystems of the human body - a brief description of the nervous, muscular, cardiovascular and respiratory systems; its electrical, mechanical and 3

chemical activity. Transducers and Electrodes - Principles and classification of transducers for biomedical applications, electrode theory, different types of electrodes, selection criteria for transducers and electrodes. 3

two

Biopotential - electrical activity of excitable cells, ENG, EMG, ECG, ERG, ECG. neuronal potential.

2

Cardiovascular System Measurements - Measure blood pressure, blood flow, cardiac output, heart rate, heart sounds, ECG, phonocardiogram, plethysmograph, echocardiogram.

5

three

Clinical Laboratory Instruments - Measurement of blood pH, measurement of ESR, measurement of hemoglobin, concentration of O2 and CO2 in blood, measurement of GSR. Spectrophotometry, Chromatography, Hematology, 4 Medical Imaging: Diagnostic X-rays, CAT, MRI, Thermography, Ultrasound, Medical Applications of Isotopes, Endoscopy. 4

4

Patient Care, Biotelemetry and Safety Measures Intensive Care Monitoring Elements, Basic Hospital Systems and Components, Physiological Effects of Electrical Equipment Current Surge Hazards, Safety Measures, Standards and Practices. Biomedical Telemetry: Introduction, Block Diagram, and Description of Single/Multi-Channel Telemetry Systems.

7 Therapeutic and Restorative Devices - Introduction to Cardiac Surgery

Pacemakers, defibrillators, ventilators, muscle stimulators, diathermy, cardiac

Lung machine, hemodialysis, laser application. 5

V

Bioelectricity Applications: Electrocardiogram Diagnostics

Criteria for identifying heart disease, ECG pattern

Ischemia, atrial abnormalities, ventricular dilatation, ECG abnormalities

EEG, EMG, ERG standard, clinical application 4

Computer application: data acquisition and processing, remote data

Documentation and management. Real-Time Computer Applications 3

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 43

textbook:

1. L. Cromwell, F. J. Weibell e L. A. Pfeiffer, Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement, Pearson

Education, Delhi, (1990)

2. J. J. Carr and J. M. Brown, An Introduction to Biomedical Device Technology, 4th Edition, Pearson Education,

Deli (2001)

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Biomedical Instrumentation Systems, Chatterjee, Cengage Learning 2011

2 Aston, "Principles of Instrumentation and Biomedical Measurement", McGraw Hill

Publishing Company

1990

3 Los Geddes and L.E. Baker, Principles of Applied Biomedical Instrumentation, John

wiley & sons

1989

4 Richard Aston, Principles of Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement, Merrill

Publishing Company,.

1990

5 Jacobson B. and Webster J.G., Medical Clinical Engineers, Prentice Hall Inc., . 1979

6 J. G. Webster, Application and Design of Medical Instrumentation, 3rd ed., John Wiley &

Sons, NY,

1998

7 R. S. Khandpur, Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation, 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003

8 R. Anandanatarajan, "Biomedical Instrumentation", PHI Learning, 2009

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 44

5EC6.2A Advanced Data Structures and Algorithms

B.Technology. (CE) 5°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

I Basic Concepts of OOP - Function Templates and Class Templates -

Algorithms: Performance Analysis: Time and Space Complexity - 6

ADT - list implementation (simple - dual and loop) - array - pointer -

cursor implementation

two

Stacks and Queues - ADT - Implementation and Application - Trees -

General – Binary – Binary Search – Expression Search – AVL – 简介

Red-Black Trees and Splay Trees - B-Trees - Implementation - Tree Traversal 6

three

Assembly - implementation - basic operations in assembly - priority queue -

Implementation - Graphics - Directed Graphs - Shortest Path Problem -

Undirected Graph - Spanning Tree - Graph Traversal: Hash Tables

Representation: Hash Function: Conflict Resolution: Separate Thread: On

Addressing: Linear Probing: Quadratic Probing: Double Hashing: Rehashing 10

4

Problem - Managing blocks of the same size - Garbage collection algorithm

Blocks of Equal Sizes - Storage Allocation for Mixed Size Objects - Buddy

System - Storage Compression 8

V

Search technology - sorting - inner sorting - bubble sorting - insertion

Sorting - quick sorting - heap sorting - bin sorting - root sorting - external sorting -

Merge Sort – Merge Multiway Sort – Multiphase Sort – Design Tips –

Divide and Conquer-Dynamic Programming-Greedy Algorithm-

Backtracking - Local Search Algorithm 10

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 45

textbook

[PubMed] [Cross Ref] Tanenbaum A.S, Langram Y, Augustien M.J., Data Structures Using C&C++, Prentice Hall, India,

(2002)。

2. Data Structures, Algorithms and Applications in C++, S. Sahni, University Press (India) Pvt.Ltd, Issue 2

Edition, University Press Oriental Longman Pvt. Ltd. (2005)

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Mark Allen Weiss: Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C++, Pearson Education 2002

2 Aho Hopcroft Ullman, "Data Structures and Algorithms", Pearson Education, 2002

3 Horowitz Sahni, Rajasekaran, "Computer Algorithms, Galgotia, . 2000

4 Data Structures and Algorithms in C++, by Michael T. Goodrich, R. Tamassia, and Mount,

Wiley Student Edition, John Wiley and Sons.

1989

5 Data Structures and Algorithms in C++, Drozdek, Cengage Learning 1990

6 Data Structures: A Pseudocode Approach to C, Gilberg, Cengage Learning 1996

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 46

5EC6.3A Computer-oriented numerical and statistical methods

B.Technology. (CE) 5°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

I Solutions of Linear Equations - Kramer's Law, Gauss

Elimination, Gauss Jordan Elimination, and Gauss Seidal Iteration 8

and its computer programs written in C. Gauss' matrix inversion

Elimination, a computer program for matrix inversion.

two

Solution of Nonlinear Equations - Interval Dichotomy

method, secant method, regularized-false method, curve fitting method, regularized method

Least Squares and Its Computer Programming in C 7

three

Solutions to Partial Differential Equations - Solutions

Partial differential equations, especially with reference to the heat equation,

Laplace's equation and Milne's wave equation and your computer

Program in C language. Curve Fitting Method - Least Squares,

Fitting straight line, parabola .. 9

4

Stochastic Process - Definition, Concept of Stochastic Process,

Statistics of stochastic processes: mean, autocorrelation, autocovariance.

Steady state process, strict and long sense, steady state, stochastic process

and linear systems. 9

V

Stochastic Processes in the Frequency Domain - Powers

Spectrum of a random process, transmission on an LTI system, Gaussian

and white process, the power spectral density characteristic

7

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 47

textbook:

1. Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computing M.K.Jain, S.R.K.Iyengar, R.K. Jain.

(2003)

2. E.V. Computer-Based Numerical Algorithms Krishnamurthy. (2004)

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Introduction to Numerical Analysis by E. Atkinson 1984

2 Peebles, P. Principles of Probability, Random Variables, and Random Signals. McGraw Hill. 2007

3 Computer-Guided Numerical and Statistical Methods, by Dr. Gokhroo et al. 2012

4 Elementary Numerical Analysis by Samuel D. Conte 和 Cart de Boor, McGraw Hill

International Edition.

19100

5 Numerical Methods in Science and Engineering, PHI, R.G. Stanton 1963

6 Papoulis, A. Probability, random variables and stochastic processes. McGraw Hill

(International Student Edition), Singapore.

2012

7 Childers, D. G. Probability and Stochastic Processes Using MATLAB. McGraw-Hill, 1997

8 Smith, G. D. Numerical Solutions of PDEs, University of Oxford. Publisher 2002

9 Numerical Analysis, Burden, Cengage Learning 2004

10 Numerical Mathematics and Computing, Cheney, Cengage Learning 2005

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 48

5EC7A Electronic Engineering Design Laboratory

B.Technology. (CE) 5°

No. maximum. Tags: 75

Exam 2P: 3H

number content

To design the following circuits, assemble them on a breadboard and test them.

These circuits are simulated with the help of appropriate software.

1 Op Amp Characterization and Obtaining Data for Input Bias Current Measurement Output Offset

voltage and reduce it to zero and calculate the rate of change.

2 Opamps in inverting and non-inverting modes.

3 op amps as scalar, adder and voltage follower.

4 Opamps act as differentiators and integrators.

5 LPF and HPF Design Using Op Amp 741

6 Design active bandpass and bandstop filters using the Op-Amp 741.

7 Oscillator Design Using Op Amps (i) RC Phase Shift (ii) Hartley (iii) Colpitts

8 Design (i) Astable (ii) Monostable Multivibrator Using IC-555 Timer

9 Design a square and triangle wave generator using a 555 timer.

10 Design an amplifier (for a given gain) using bipolar junction transistors.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 49

5EC8A Microwave Engineering Laboratory

B.Technology. (CE) 5°

No. maximum. Tags: 75

Exam 2P: 3H

number content

1. Research on various microwave components and instruments such as frequency meters and attenuators,

Detector and VSWR meter.

(a) Measured waveguide wavelength and frequency using an X-band slotted line setup.

(b) Low and high VSWR measurements using the X-band slot configuration.

2. SWR measurement and unknown load standing wave minimum displacement, and

Use the Smith chart to calculate the unknown load impedance.

3. (a) Plot the V-I characteristic of a Gunn diode and determine the output power and

Frequency as a function of voltage

(b) Study of square-wave modulation of a microwave signal using a PIN diode modulator.

4. Using a power meter to measure the resonance characteristics of the microstrip ring resonator and

Determination of substrate dielectric constant.

5. (a) Investigate the coupling characteristics of (i) 3dB microstrip branch coupler and (ii)

Stripline retrograde wave coupler as a function of frequency. Compare the bandwidth of the two

case.

(b) Measurement of microwave input, forward, coupled and isolated power for retrograde waves

Measure the center frequency of a stripline coupler using a power meter. Calculated from measurements

Coupling, isolation and directionality of couplers.

6. Measure the power distribution and isolation characteristics of the 3dB microstrip power divider.

7. Research on rat race hybrid ring (equivalent to Magic-Tee waveguide) in microstrip line

8. (a) Study of low-pass and band-pass microstrip filters

(b) Measure the gain and frequency of the microwave amplifier using a power meter.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 50

5EC9A Communications Lab - I

B.Technology. (CE) 5°

which.

2P

maximum. Tags: 75

Exam: 3H

number content

1. Using the fundamental frequency and its generation of different types of waveforms

Harmonics and analyze these waveforms.

2. Conduct amplitude modulation experiment and calculate modulation

index. Also study DSB, DSB-SC, SSB modulation and demodulation and

Observe the effect of AGC.

3. Study the characteristics of superheterodyne receiver in AM transmission and reception.

Sensitivity, selectivity set by experiments.

4. Implement different types of FM modulation and demodulation schemes and study

The effect of the limiter on the FM demodulator.

5. Find impedance characteristics, input impedance, loss, standing wave, phase

Displacement in the transmission line.

6. Para realizar o PAM (natural, flat top, sample & hold sample), PWM, PPM

modulation and demodulation techniques.

7. Experiment and observe the effect of changing the modulation type

The signal is the change of sampling signal frequency in sine wave, square wave, arbitrary wave and PAM,

Modulation and demodulation PWM, PPM.

8. Learning to observe four-channel analog TDM through DSB-SC

experimental device.

9. Study and observe FDM with experimental setup.

10. Conduct experiments with various samples (natural, flat top and reserved samples)

Sine waves, square waves, and any analog signal type.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 51

5EC10A Signal Processing Laboratory

B.Technology. (CE) 5°

which.

2P

maximum. Tags: 75

Exam: 3H

number content

1 Simulation under MATLAB environment:

Generate continuous and discrete fundamental signals (periodic and aperiodic)

Use mathematical expressions.

2 Continuous and discrete unit signal generation.

3 Generate exponential and ramp signals in continuous and discrete domains.

4 Temporal continuous and discrete convolutions (using basic definitions).

5 Adds and subtracts two given signals. (continuous and discrete signals)

6 Generate a uniform random number between (0, 1).

7 Generate a random binary waveform.

8 Generating random sequences with arbitrary distribution, mean and variance

The following :

(a) Rayleigh distribution

(b) Normal distribution: N(0,1).

(c) Gaussian distribution: N (mx, σx2)

9 Plot the probability density function. Find the mean and variance above

distributed

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 52

5EC11A Professional ethics and disaster management

textbook:

1. Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases from Harris, Cengage Learning (2013)

Maximum Remarks: 50

Exam: 3H

B.Technology. (CE) 5°

which.

2P

number content

1. Questions about ethics and values: moral and ethical values, taxonomy of values, value systems,

Deterioration of social values, social norms and social controls.

2.

Career, Professionalism and Ethics: Professional Responsibility, Competence and

expect. The role of professions, people, professions and professional responsibilities

Morality.

3. Ethics in Engineering and Disaster Management: Engineering Professionals,

Engineers, technology and society, engineering as a social experiment, engineering ethics.

4. Types of disasters: environmental, economic and social; causes, effects and

Prevention, case studies.

5. Ethical thought

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 53

6EC1A Microwave Engineering - II

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

Longest term brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Impedance and Correspondence Transformation: Particleboard

Components for MICs and MMICs - Printed Inductors, Capacitors and Resonators

element. Smith Chart - Combined Impedance-Admittance Diagram. impedance

Combining centralized elements (L network) and Smith chart solutions. single

Stub tuning in microstrip circuits using stub shunts. single quarter wave

transformer. 8

two

Microwave Diodes and Diode Circuits: Detection Diodes -

Silicon crystal diodes and Schottky diodes. The V-I characteristic of the detector diode,

Basic detection and mixing operation, single diode mixer circuit. PIN diode -

Equivalent circuits and characteristics of PIN diodes and unipolar PIN diodes

Unit switch and phase shifter. Varactor Diodes - Device Characteristics

and circuit applications. Diode Gunn- Gunn Effect, Operating Principle and

characteristics, a typical oscillator circuit uses a Gunn diode. IMPATT diode

characteristics, negative resistance, power and efficiency. 9

three

Transistors and Microwave Circuits: Bipolar Junctions

Transistor (BJT) – bipolar silicon transistor geometry, DC bias,

Microwave equivalent circuit and its characteristics. microwave field effect

Transistor (FET) - The physical structure and working principle of a JFET,

MOSFETs and MESFETs, Characteristics, FET Devices and Circuit Comparison

form. Single Stage FET Amplifier - First Stage Block Diagram

FET amplifier circuit, stability considerations, analysis and derivation

Expressions for Gain of Unidirectional Transistor Transducers, Design Criteria

maximum gain. 8

4

Klystron - The limitations of conventional vacuum tubes. Reflex Klystron - Basic

scheme, operating mechanism, oscillation and modulation modes.

speed modulation and electronic grouping (analytical processing),

Magnetron - The type of magnetron. Basic magnetron structure, analysis,

Magnetron resonant modes, operation, oscillation mechanism, practice

cavity magnetron considerations. coaxial, frequency angle and

Adjustable voltage magnetron. 8

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 54

V

Two-chamber klystron amplifier - basic scheme and mechanism of operation.

Traveling Wave Tube Amplifier - Basic schematic of a helical TWT tube.

Introduction to CW power pulsed dual-mode TWT. Traveling wave tube operational amplifier

feature. TWT application. Cross field amplifier. 7

Total 40

textbook:

1. A. Das e S. Das, Microwave Engineering, Tata McGraw-Hill, (2000).

2. S.Y.Liao，Microwave devices and circuits，Prentice Hall，第 2 版（1985）。

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 B. Bhat and S. K. Koul, Integrated Microstripline Transmission Lines

Circuitos, Wiley Eastern Ltd.,

1989

2 T. C. Edwards, Fundamentals of Microstrip Circuit Design, John Wiley & Sons, . 1981

3 K. C. Gupta, R. Garg, I. Bahl, and P. Bhartia, Microstrip and slot lines, vol.

Edition, Casa Artech

1996

4 K.C Gupta, Microwave, Wiley Eastern Ltd. 1979

5 PA Rizzi, Microwave Engineering - Passive Circuits, Prentice Hall, . 1988

6 D.M. Pozar, Microwave Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, . (use latest version)

1998

7 Dennis Roddy, Microwave Technology, Prentice-Hall,

1986

8 Roy Mitra, Microwave Semiconductor Devices, PHI,

year 2004

9. Robert E. Collin, Fundamentals of Microwave Engineering, Issue 2, 2012

10 Microwave and Radar Engineering, G.S.B. Rao Pearson 2013

11. Microwave Engineering, Raghuvanshi, Cengage Learning 2013

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 55

6EC2A microprocessor

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

1 Introduction: 8085 Architecture, Memory, I/O Devices,

interface logical device, memory, interface, addressing mode,

Instructions, programming techniques.

8

2 Introduction to Instructions 8085: Loop, Count and

Indexing, data transfer and arithmetic instructions, counters and

Time display, stack and subroutines, conditional calls and returns

instruct.

8

3 code conversion, BCD operation and 16-bit data operation

Additional data transfers and 16-bit arithmetic instructions, arithmetic

Operations related to memory counters and time delays.

8

4 Interrupts: Interrupt 8085, Vectored Interrupts, Additional I/O

Concepts and procedures, serial I/O and data communication.

8

5 General purpose programming peripherals: 8255 programmable

Peripheral interface, keyboard interface and seven-segment display.

8254 programmable interval timer, 8259 programmable timer

interrupt controller. 8257 DMA controller.

8

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 56

textbook:

1. Architecture, Programming and Applications of Microprocessors, Ramesh S. Gaonkar, (2000)

2. Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Textbook, R.S. Kaler I.K International Publishing Company

House of Representatives Pvt Ltd

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1. An Introduction to Microprocessors, A.P. Mather, McGraw-Hill 2002

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 57

6EC3A Industrial Electronics

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Semiconductor Power Devices - Basic Characteristics and

Functions of Power Diodes, Triacs, SCRs, Triacs, Power Transistors, MOSFETs,

IGBTs and GTOs 7

two

Rectifiers and Inverters - How One and Three Work

practice

Bridge Rectifier, Voltage and Current Source Inverter 8

three

Power: The principle of operation of the helicopter. go up, step on

Downward and reversible choppers. High frequency electronic ballasts, switches

Power Modes: Flyback Converter, Forward/Buck Converter, Boost

converters and buck-boost converters. Uninterrupted power supply. 10

4

Motor Control: Introduction to Speed Control Using DC Motors

Phase Control Converter and Chopper, Basic Idea of Speed Control

Three-phase induction motors are controlled by voltage and frequency. 8

V Stepper Motors: Variable Reluctance, Permanent Magnet and Hybrid Stepper Motors

engine. Induction and dielectric heating control. 7

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 58

textbook:

1. Principles and Applications of Power Electronics, Joseph Vithayathil, TMH, (2010).

2. Power Eletronics，Ravish Singh，TMH，(2012)。

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Industrial and Control Electronics, Ttti, TMH 2001

2 Power Electronics: Applications to Converters, Mohan, Robbins, Wiley 1995

3 Power Electronics, Moorthy, Oxford, 2005

4 Elements Of Power Electronics, Krein, Oxford 1998

5 Power Electronics, R.S. Murthy, Pearson 2012

6 Power Electronics: Circuits, Devices and Applications 2004

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 59

6EC4A Digit communication

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

unit content

touch

Hour

European Union

Digital Transmission of Analog Signals: Uniform and Non-Uniform

Quantify. PCM and delta modulation, signal-to-noise ratio

In PCM and delta modulation. DPCM, ADM, T1 Bearer, Error

Probability in PCM systems. 8

two

Baseband transmission: line coding (RZ, NRZ): Polar, Bipolar,

Manchester, morning. Interference between symbols, impulse modeling, Nyquist

Criterion, Raised Cosine Spectrum. Optimal detection, combined filtering. 8

three

Digital Modulation Techniques: Geometric Interpretation of Signals and

Orthogonalization. ASK, BPSK, BFSK, QPSK, M-ary PSK, MSK and

GMSK modulation techniques and coherent detection of these techniques.

Calculation of signal constellation and error probability. 8

4

Information theory: information measurement, information averaging,

entropy, information rate, average increase in information per bit

Coding, Shannon

Shannon's theorem and limits, Gaussian channel capacity, BW-S/N

exchange, 8

V

Source Control and Error Coding: Encoding and Decoding Information

Source coding, entropy coding, Hamming code, single check digit code,

Linear block codes, cyclic codes, and convolutional codes. 8

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 60

textbook:

1. Digital Communication Systems, P RamaKrishna Rao, McGraw-Hill

2. Digital Communication Systems, Simon Haykins, Wiley

Related books:

SN name of author/book/publisher

years

publication

1 Digital Communication: Fundamentals and Applications, Bernard Sklar, Pearson

educate

year 2002

2 Analog and Digital Communication, Schum Series, TMH 2006

3 Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Leon W. Couch, Pearson 2013

4 Analog and digital communication systems, signaling, TMH

2012

5 An Introduction to Analog and Digital Communications, Haykins, Wiley 2010

6 Digital and Analog Communication Systems, Shanmugam, Wiley 2004

7 Proakis J. G. e Salehi M., “Communication Systems Engineering,” Pearson Education 2008

8 Electronic Communication Systems, Kennedy Devis, TMH 2013

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 61

6EC5A control system

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Control systems and their representation: Terminology

and the basic structure of control systems, open-loop and closed-loop systems,

Servo mechanism, regulating system, analog system. physical system

and their models, electromechanical systems, electrical analogies

system. 4

Transfer functions, block diagram representations of physical systems, block

Graph algebra, signal flow graphs, and Mason's formula. 3

two

Response time: type of test input, first and second response

Sequential systems, time-domain norms, error coefficients, generalized

series of errors 4

Stability: the concept of stability, the position of the root in the s-plane to ensure stability,

Asymptotic and relative stability, the Routh-Hurwitz stability criterion. 3

three

ROOT LOCUS: root locus diagram, root locus characteristics and applications,

Locus stability range. Determine the root of the closed loop

system, adding the effect of pole-zero 4

NYQUIST Plots: Polar Plots, Nyquist Plots, and Nyquist Stability

Standard 4

4

Bode plot: The concept of gain margin and phase margin, Bode plot. 5

Frequency domain specification 1

Loci M and N, Nichols Figure 2

V

Controllers: Introduction to PID and Lag 2 Controllers

State Variable Analysis: Concepts of State, State Variable, and State

state model. A state variable model of an LTI system. model

Indicates that transfer functions into state space and vice versa. solution

Equation of state. Concepts of controllability and observability. 6

OFFSET DESIGN: Offset design using frequency

Field technology

2

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 62

Textbook: Textbook

1. Modern Control Engineering, Ogata, Pearson.(2009)

2. Control Systems Engineering at Nise, Rajeev Gupta, Wiley (2011)

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Control Systems: Principles and Design, M. Gopal, TMH 2002

2 automatic control system, B. C. Kuo, Wiley 2009

3 Singh & Janardhanan - Modern Control Engineering, Learning Cengage 2010

4 Control Systems, Srivastava, TMH 2009

5 Systems and Control - Stanislawhizak, Oxford 2002

6 Control Systems Engineering, S. K. Bhattacharya, Pearson 2009

7 Control Systems: Theory and Applications, Ghosh, Pearson 2004

8 Manik – Control Systems, Learning Cengage 2012

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 63

6EC6.1A neural network

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Neurophysiology: An Introduction: Elementary Neurophysiology -

From Neurons to Artificial Neural Networks - Neuron Model McCulloch-Pitts Model, Hebbian

Hypothesis; Limitations of Single-Layer Neural Networks. 5

two

Perceptrons: Perceptrons and their learning rules.

Classification of linearly separable patterns.

2

Linear Networks: Adaline --- Adaptive Linear Elements. linear

return. Wiener-Hopf equation. least mean square

(Widrow-Hoff) learning algorithm. steepest descent. Adalina

as a linear adaptive filter. An ordinal regression algorithm.

4

three

Multilayer Feedforward Neural Network:

Perceptron layer. supervised learning. Methods and

function interpolation. Backpropagation learning method. quick training

algorithm. Applications of Multilayer Perceptron: Image Coding, Paint-

Quality inspection, Nettalk. 5

Self-Organizing Systems: Unsupervised Learning. Local

Learn the rules. Generalized Hebb algorithm. Oja and Sanger's

rule. Principal Component Analysis --- Karhunen-Loeve Transformation.

4

4

Competitive Learning: MinNet and MaxNet Networks.

grouping. Learn vector quantization. code book. used for

data compression.

Self-Organizing Feature Maps: Kohonen Networks. 4

Radial Basis Function Networks: Radial Basis Functions

(RBF) and its application in function interpolation,

Approximate and model probability distributions.

Recurrent Networks: Hopfield 5 Networks

V

Applications of Neural Networks: Pattern Classification,

Associative memory, optimization, application in image processing-

Iris, fingerprints and faces, applications in decision making, TSP problem. 6

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 64

textbook:

1. Jacek M. Zurada, Introduction to Artificial Nervous Systems, Jaico Publ. House of Representatives, (1994).

2. S.N. Sivanandam, S. Sumathi, and S.N. Deepa, An Introduction to Neural Networks Using MATLAB 6.0,

Tata McGraw-Hill (2006).

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Rede Neural Artificial，Robert Schalloff，TMH 1997

2 Neural Network Architecture and Application Fundamentals, Laurene V.

Fawcett, Pearson

1993

3 Neural Network Algorithm and Programming Technology, James A Freeman, Pearson 1991

4 Neural N/W for Pattern Recognition, Cristopher, M. Bhishop, Oxford 1995

5 Fuzzy Neural Approaches to Agent Applications, Lee, Raymond S.T., New Age 2008

6 Fuzzy Logic and Neural Networks: Basic Concepts and Applications, A Lavala,

Chemakesava R., New Times

2012

7 Neural Network Design Using CD, Hagan, Cengage Learning 2007

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 65

6EC6.2A Parallel Computing and Architecture

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

unit content

Hour

1

An Overview of Parallel Processing: Constraints of Traditional Architectures,

Parallelism in Uniprocessor Systems, An Architectural Classification. 5

Parallel processing applications, classification networks, PRAM models,

Interconnect Network, Memory Consistency Model, Shared Memory

multiprocessor

4

2

Hardware classification: Flynn classification, Handler classification,

Software Taxonomy, Kung taxonomy, SPMD, 5

Basic algorithms - fast Fourier transform, linear system solution, etc. 3

3

Instruction-level parallelism and thread-level parallelism, explicit parallelism

Instruction Computing Architecture (EPIC),

3

Scalable Performance Principles: Performance Metrics and Measures,

Accelerated Exploitation of Performance Principles Efficiency, Overhead 4

4

Basic vector architecture for matrix and vector processors, vector problems

processing, vector performance modeling, SIMD computer organization

Shielding and data networking mechanisms.

4

Inter-PE Communication, SIMD Interconnect Network, Static Vs

Dynamic network, hypercube cube and mesh interconnection network,

Parallel algorithms for array processors.

5

5

Multiprocessor Architecture Loosely and tightly coupled multiprocessors,

multiprocessor processor features,

4

Communication network between processors, time-sharing bus, Crossbar switch. 3

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 66

textbook:

1. V. Rajaraman、L Sivaram Murthy, “Computadores Paralelos”, PID。 (2004)

2. William Stallings, “Computer Organization and Architecture, Performance Design Prentice Hall,

sixth edition. (2007)

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Kai Hwang, Scalable Parallel Computing. 1998

2 Harrold Stone, High Performance Computer Architecture. 1992

3 Richard Y. Kain, Advanced Computer Architecture. 2000

4 Parallel Computing in C and OpenMPI, M. J. Quinn, McGraw-Hill 2004

5 Assembly Language and Computer Architecture using C++ and JAVA w/CD, Reis, Cengage

apprenticeship

year 2011

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 67

6EC6.3A Optical fiber communication

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

unit content

touch

Hour

European Union

Fiber Optics Overview - Introduction, Ray Theory, Fiber Optics: Multimode,

Singlemode, pitch index, graded index, plastic and fiberglass. 3

Fiber Transmission Characteristics - Introduction, Attenuation,

Material absorption loss, fiber bending loss, dispersion, dispersion (intermodal and

In-mode), dispersion-shifted fiber, dispersion-compensated fiber.

Optical Fiber Manufacturing - Optical Fiber Preparation, Liquid Phase

technology and vapor deposition techniques. 6

two

Fiber Source-

Lasers - Radiation Emission and Absorption, Einstein Ratio, Absorption

Radiation, population inversion, optical feedback, threshold conditions. population

Inverted and limited to work with Class III and Class IV lasers. the basic concept of

Solid state lasers, semiconductors, gases and liquids. The basic concept of Q-switching and

Pattern locked. 5

Light Emitting Diodes - Structure, Materials, Properties, Power and Efficiency. two

three

Optical Detectors - Principles of Optical Detection, Quantum Efficiency, Responsiveness,

PIN photodiode, avalanche photodiode, detector noise, photodiode

Material. 4

Optical Connectors - Fiber Alignment, Fiber Splices, Fiber Connectors, Extensions

Bundle connectors, fiber optic couplers. 4

4

Fiber Optic Measurements - Fiber Attenuation, Dispersion,

Refractive index profile, wavelength cutoff, numerical aperture and diameter. 5

Time Domain Optical Reflectometer (OTDR) - field measurements by

time-domain reflectometers, laser-based distance measurement systems,

Velocidade, holographic. 3

V

Fiber Optic Systems – WDM, DWDM, Active and

Passive components, optical sensors, optical amplifiers. 5

Fiber Optic Applications - Public, Military, Civil and

industrial applications. 3

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 68

Text book:

1. J.M. Senior, Fiber Optic Communications: Principles and Practice, Pearson Education. (2013)

2. R.P. Khare, Optical Fibers and Optoelectronics, Oxford Press. (2014)

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 R.P. Khare, Optical Fibers and Optoelectronics, Oxford Press. year 2004

2 J. Gowar, Optical Communication Systems, PHI. 1999

3 A. Ghatak and K. Thygarajan, An Introduction to Optical Fiber, Cambridge University Press. year 2006

4 Joseph C Palais, Optical Communications, PHI. 2010

5 Harold Kolimbris, Optical Communications, Pearson Education. 2009

6 D. Anuradha, Fiber Optics and Lasers, Principles and Applications, New Era. Year 2008

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University Kota Page 69

6EC7A Communications Laboratory – II

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Tags: 75

3P exam time: 3

number content

1 Identify and resolve aliasing problems and use

experimental device.

2 Carry out the experiment of observing the transmission of four signals in one channel

Channels using the TDM-PAM method.

3 study 4-channel PCM multiplexing and demultiplexing in telephone systems, and

Calculate the line speed and baud rate from the experimental setup.

4 Study PCM, DPCM modulation and demodulation, study channel effect

such as attenuation, noise between modulator and demodulator by experiment

Establish.

5 Study delta delta, adaptive delta and sigma modems and

Study modulator-to-modulator attenuation, noise, and other channel effects

Set up the demodulator experimentally.

6 Conduct generative experiments to investigate various data formatting schemes

(Unipolar, Bipolar, Manchester, AMI, etc.)

7 Conduct ASK, FSK, BPSK, DBPSK generation and detection experiments

Signals with variable-length data patterns

8 Conduct QPSK, OQPSK, DQPSK generation and detection experiments

A signal with a variable-length data pattern.

9 Investigate the operation of MSK modulation and its demodulation

experimental device.

10 Study the operation error checking method of cyclic code and block code in communication

The system is set up through trial.

Simulate using any virtual instrument software:

11 Perform convolution in continuous-time and discrete-time systems.

Companding and multiplexing of 12 PCM signals.

13 Perform various typing skills: PSK, ASK, FSK and MSK.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 70

6EC8A Microprocessor Laboratory

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Tags: 75

Exam 2P: 3H

number content

The following exercises must be done in 8085 assembly language.

1 sorts a set of data in ascending order.

2 Sort the datasets in descending order.

3 Find the number of positive, negative, and zero numbers in the data set.

4 Search for the existence of the given data in the given data.

5 BCD to binary.

6 Binary to BCD

7 Design an up/down counter

8 Multiplies two 8-bit numbers using sequential addition and shifting.

9 Find the factorial of a number.

10 Solve the given algebraic equation

11 Generates a software delay.

12 Division of 8-bit unsigned numbers.

13 Program to display the real-time clock. Suppose a periodic signal interrupts the RST 7.5 signal

Every 0.5 seconds,

14 Generate a square wave and a rectangular wave of a given frequency at the output pin of the 8255

switch.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 71

6EC9A RF Simulation Laboratory

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Tags: 75

3P exam time: 3

number content

Fig. 1 Field diagram study of various modes in a rectangular waveguide.

2 Field diagram research of various modes in the rectangular waveguide cavity.

3 Observing Transients in Coaxial Transmission Line Terminations

Study its behavior in the time domain.

4 Behavioral study of a terminated coaxial transmission line in the frequency domain.

5 Introduction to Smith chart and its application to unknown impedance

Measurement.

6 Study passive networks (RL, RC, RLC, T- and

Π-network) using the Smith chart.

7 Find the change in characteristic impedance and reflection coefficient

Transmission lines, changing the dielectric properties between embedded materials

two drivers.

8 Design and simulate the following planar transmission line:

1. Stripline and microstrip line

2. Coupling parallel striplines and microstrip lines

3. Slot line and coplanar line

Determine its field type and characteristic impedance.

9 Design and simulate the following;

1. 3 dB stub coupler,

2. Reverse wave coupler,

3. Wilkinson Power Splitter

4. Rat race hybrid ring.

5. Low pass filter

6. Bandpass filter.

10 Design RF Amplifier Using Microwave BJT.

11 Design an RF frequency doubler using microwave FETs.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 72

6EC10A Industrial Electronics Laboratory

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Tags: 75

2P exam time: 3

number content

1. Study the characteristics of silicon controlled rectifiers, observe the configuration of terminals, measure

Breakdown voltage, latch and hold current. Features of the V-I diagram.

2. Experiment with the trigger circuit of the SCR. i.e. trigger R, R-C

Ignition circuit and ignition UJT.

3. Research and test AC voltage regulators using thyristors, anti-parallel and thyristors

&deacon

4. Study and obtain the waveform of single-phase bridge converter.

5. Experiment on a single-phase PWM inverter.

6. Experiment with buck, boost and buck-boost regulators.

7. Use the chopper to control the speed of the DC motor and plot the armature voltage vs.

speed function.

8. Controlling the speed of a single-phase induction motor using a single-phase AC voltage

Regulator.

9. i) Research on single-phase to two-phase converters.

ii) Research on speed regulation of DC motors using dual single-phase converters.

10. Research on single-phase cyclo-converter.

11. Experiment with motor control - open loop and closed loop.

12. Design, observe and experiment with various types of pulse generation

DSP/FPGA platform. Experiment with PWM inverters and choppers.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 73

6EC11A Personality development and general skills

B.Technology. (CE) 6°

No. maximum. Brand: 50

2P exam time: 3

number content

Purpose

1. Allow students to understand the concepts and components of personality so that they can use

Gain information for yourself and move towards your own glory

academic and professional career.

2. Keep students abreast of general and current knowledge.

3. Build self-esteem by setting the right goals to stimulate creativity and other latent talents

enhanced.

4. Improve memory and other study skills critical to academic and professional excellence.

5. Cultivate positive thinking, so that students can maintain a good state in times of crisis.

1.

introduce

• The meaning of personality

• Determinants of personality – biological, psychological and sociocultural factors.

• Misunderstandings and clarifications

• Needs for personality development

2.

self-awareness and self-motivation

• Self analysis via SWOT window and Johari

• Motivational elements

• Seven Laws of Motivation

• Self-motivation skills and strategies

• Motivation and goal-setting checklist based on SMART principles

• Self-motivation and life

• The importance of self-esteem.

3.

memory and study skills

• Definition and importance of memory

• Reason for forgetting

• How to forget (stop thinking), how to remember (improve skills

memory)

• Tips for Passing Tests – Control your test fears.

4.

the power of positive thinking

• Develop creativity, decision-making and problem-solving skills.

• Thought Power - Seven Steps to Dealing with Doubt

• Traits of positive thinkers and high achievers

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 74

books:

1. Herlock, E.B, Personality Development, 28th reprint. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill. (2006).

2. Mikew, Martin, Schinzinger, Engineering Ethics, TMH. (2010)

Book reference:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Mile, D.J., The Power of Positive Thinking. Derry: Lohan Books. year 2004

2 Pravesh Kumar, on self-motivation. New Delhi: Goodwill Press. 2005

3 Dudley, G. A., Double Learning. Derry: Konark Press. Thomas Press

Group Co., Ltd.

year 2004

4 Lorayne, H., How to Develop a Superb Memory. Derry: Konark Press. Thomas

Publishing Group Limited

year 2004

5 Personal Development for Life and Work, Wallace, Cengage Learning 2013

6 Soft Skills para todos com CD, Butterfield, Cengage Learning 2013

• Positive thinking goals and skills

• Improve concentration through positive thinking

• Practice an active lifestyle.

5.

common sense and current events

• Regional, national and international events

• Geographical, political and historical facts

• Information about sports and other recreational activities

• Basic knowledge of health and health promotion

practical training

The course will include the following practical exercises. icebreaker. brainstorm and

Simulation exercises. Thoughts stopped. memory and study skills training

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 75

7EC1A Antennas and Wave Propagation

B.Technology. (CE) 7°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

Antenna Basics - A Review of Electromagnetic Theory.

Short fundamental dipoles and their fields. Basic Parameters of Antennas - Radiation

Pattern, beamwidth, solid beam angle, directivity, efficiency, gain, radiation

Intensity, radiation resistance, input impedance and polarization. take over

Antennas - Reciprocity, effective length and aperture, antenna temperature.

8

two

Antenna Array - Point source, an array of two isotropic point sources.

Uniform array and array factor for an N-point source - 4-element example

Side placement and final fire. N-element linear array of elementary dipoles

and the principle of pattern multiplication. an array of two primitive elements

Dipoles - have different relative phase shifts and different excitations

spacing. 7

three

Different types of antennas – thin wire antennas and

half-wave dipole. V-shaped and diamond-shaped antennae. monopole antenna, small

Loop antennas, folded dipole antennas, and Yagi-Uda antennas. Broadband Antenna -

Broadband basics, log-periodic dipole arrays. Reflector Antenna - Flat Panel,

Corner reflectors and parabolic antennas. slot, horn and lens antennas,

helical antenna. Microstrip Patch Antenna - Rectangular Patch Antenna,

Binary microstrip patch.

Antenna Measurements - Antenna Radiation Pattern, Gain, Directivity and

polarization. .10

4

Ground Wave Propagation - Radio Wave Mechanism

spread. Ground Reflection Theory - Plane Earth Reflection, Reflection

Factors of horizontal and vertical polarization. Refraction and Diffraction

of radio waves. Space waves and surface waves. Tropospheric Propagation, Pipes

Propagation and troposcatter. . 7

V

Ionospheric propagation: multiple ionospheres, electric

The properties of the ionosphere and its effect on the propagation of radio waves. Critical

Frequency, virtual height, jump distance, maximum available frequency.

Multi-hop transmission. Earth's Magnetic Field and Faraday's Effects

turn around. Effects of solar activity and weather conditions on wave propagation. 8

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 76

textbook

1. Lord. Antennas and Wave Propagation, Tata McGraw-Hill Education Pvt. Ltd., (2013).

2. Receivable Harish and M. Sachidananda, Antennas and Wave Propagation, University of Oxford. Press, Edition (2011).

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1. JD Kraus, Antenas, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2º

Published, 1999

2. E. Jordan and K.G. Balmain, Electromagnetic Waves and Radiation Systems, Prentice-

Indian Salon, Second Edition,

1986

3. T. Milligan, Microstrip Antenna Design, Wiley, 2005

4. J.D. Krause and R.J. Marhefka, Antennas for All Applications, Tata McGraw-Hill,

edit

year 2004

5. R. Chatterjee, Antenna Theory and Practice, Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1988

6. Balanis Constantine A, Antenna Theory, Analysis, and Design, 3rd Edition, A John Wiley

Publishing & Audio Company

2005

7. Collin R. E. E F. J. Zucker, Antenna Theory: Part One, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969

8. Collin R. E. E F. J. Zucker, Antenna Theory: Part II, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969

9. Ramesh Garg, P. Bhartia, Inder Bahl, and A Ittipiboon, Microstrip Antenna Design

Hand, Artech House, Inc.

2001

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 77

7EC2A Digital Signal Processing

B.Technology. (CE) 7°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

I SAMPLING - discrete-time processing of continuous-time signals,

Continuous-time processing of discrete-time signals,

5

Change the sample rate using discrete-time processing. two

II LTI System Transformation Analysis - Introduction, A

Frequency response of the LTI system, system function of the system

Characterized by LCCD (linear constant coefficient difference)

equation,

4

All-pass system, minimum phase system, linear system

practice. 3

III Structure of Discrete Time Systems - Block Diagram

and the signal flow diagram for the LCCD equation,

2

Basic structure of IIR and FIR systems, in transposed form. 5

IV Filter Design Techniques - Introduction, Analog Filter Design:

Butterworth and Chebyshev, 3

Design IIR Filters via Impulse Invariance and Bilinear Transforms, 2

Design FIR Filters by Windowing: Rectangular, Hanning, Hamming, and

Caesar. 5

V DFT, FFT - Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT), DFT properties,

Linear Convolution Using DFT, 5

Efficient DFT Computation: Decimation–in-Time and Decimation-in-Time

In the frequency FFT algorithm. 4

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 78

textbook:

1. Proakis, Manolakis, "Digital Signal Processing: Principles, Algorithms, and Applications," 4th ed.,

Pearson Education. (2006)

2. Oppenheim, Schafer, "Discrete-Time Signal Processing", Issue 3

edit. , Phi (2010)

Related books:

ID Author Name/Book/Publisher Publication

again

1. Digital Signal Processing: A Modern Introduction, Ambardar, cengage learning 2011

2. Introduction to Digital Signal Processing with MATLAB, Schilling 2011

3 Sanjit K Mitra, “Digital Signal Processing”, No. 4

Editor, TMH 2013

4 Tan, Jiang, “Digital Signal Processing: Fundamentals and Applications,” No. 2

edit,

Elsevier

Year 2008

5 Ifeachor, Jervis, "Digital Signal Processing", No. 2

Ed, Pearson Education 2009

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 89

7EC3A Digital Image Processing

B.Technology. (CE) 7°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

I Digital Imaging Fundamentals: Image Detection and Acquisition,

Image sampling and quantization, digital image representation, spatial

and grayscale resolution, 3

Spatial operations, vector and raster operations, scaling and reduction

digital image. RGB and HSI color models

3

II Basic Image Manipulation: Intensity Transformation Functions,

Histogram equalization, spatial filtering for image smoothing, 3

Image sharpening via first and second derivatives, image smoothing

and sharpen using a frequency domain filter

5

III IMAGE RESTORATION: image restoration model, noise model,

Spatial and frequency characteristics of noise, probability density of noise

Function,

3

Noise Only - Spatial Filters, Averaging, Statistical Order and Adaptive Filters,

Inverse filtering concept and Wiener 5

IV Morphological Image Processing: Erosion and Dilation,

open and close, 3

Morphological algorithms for boundary extraction, thinning, pruning,

Smooth and thicken 5

V Image Segmentation and Compression: Edge-Based

segmentation, edge detection mask, gradient operator, 3

Threshold, Regional Growth, Watershed Transformation, 3

Basics of image compression; lossless compression techniques;

Lossy compression technique, compression standard 4

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 80

textbook:

1. Gonzalez, Woods, and Eddins, "Digital Image Processing," No. 3

edit. , Pearson Education (2010)

2. Anil K Jain, "Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing", Issue 4

Ed., Prentice Hall (2010)

Related books:

SN name of author/book/publisher publication

again

1 Tamal Bose, “Digital Signal and Image Processing,” No. 3

edit. , john

willie

2005

2 Sonaka, Hlavac, and Boyle, “Image processing, analysis and

Vision”, 3rd ed., Cengage Learning

2013

3 Pratt, "Digital Image Processing," No. 4

edit. , John Wiley 2001

4. Image processing, analytics and machine vision, Sonka, Cengage

apprenticeship

year 2006

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 81

7EC4A Wireless Communication

B.Technology. (CE) 7°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

unit content

touch

Hour

European Union

Spread Spectrum Modulation Technology - Concept of Spread Spectrum and System

Processing Gain, Spread Spectrum Signals: Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum

signal, frequency hopping spread spectrum signal, code division multiplexing,

extension code 8

two

Microwave wireless communication - link engineering, frequency planning,

Loss of free space, Fresnel zone release, radio beam bending, effective grounding

radius, fading basis, type and impact, multipath channel; parameters,

Measurement, transmitter and receiver building blocks. 8

three

Technologies and Multi-Access Networks - FDMA, TDMA and CDMA

See Mobile Radio and Satellite Systems. TDMA, OFDM based network

And its characteristics, packet wireless multiple access technology.

CDMA-Based Networks: Architecture, Air Interface, Call Processing, Power

Control, Rake Receiver Concepts, and CDMA System Performance. 8

4

Wireless Cellular Networks, GSM: An Introduction, GSM System Overview,

GSM codec, channel coding and interleaving, radio-like control. wireless system

and WLL, Mobile IP, Wireless Access Protocol. WLAN: Technology,

Standards IEEE 1002.11, Wireless Broadband 1002.16, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, Wi-

Max, Zigbee and RFID technologies. 8

V

Satellite Communications - Elements of Satellite Communications: Frequency

Frequency bands, transport and multiple access. Orbit and Satellite Descriptions - Orbit

Period and velocity, effects of orbital inclination, azimuth and elevation, coverage

Angle and Tilt Range, Satellite Links: Basic Link Design and Analysis, Geosynchronous

orbital, satellite subsystem. Ground station antenna, high power amplifier, low noise

Amplifiers, upconverters, downconverters, monitoring and control, reliability. 8

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 82

Text book:

1. William Stallings, Wireless Communications and Networks, Pearson Education (2013)

2. Rappaport, TS, Wireless Communications, Pearson Education (2013)

Related books:

SN name of author/book/publisher

years

publication

1 Gottapu Sasibhushana Rao, Mobile Cellular Communications, Pearson Education 2013

2 Singal, T.L, Wireless Communication, Tata McGraw Hill 2011

3 Vijay Kerr. Garg, Wireless Communications and Networks, Morgan Kaufmann,

Elsevier

2013

4 Blake, Wireless Communication Technology, Cengage Learning 2013

5 W.C.Y. Lee, Mobile Cellular Telecommunications, Tata McGraw Hill 2011

6 Wireless Communications and Networks, Prices, TMH 2014

7 Pratt, Bostain, Satellite Communications, Wiley India 2011

8 Mark Zhuang, Wireless Communications and Networks, Prentice Hall India 2003

9 Simon Haykin, Modern Wireless Communications, Pearson Education 2005

10 Price, Wireless Networking Basics, Tata McGraw Hill 2012

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 83

PROJETO 7EC5A VLSI

B.Technology. (CE) 7°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T exam: 3H

Unit content contact information

Hour

I MOSFET Introduction:- Basic MOS Transistor, Improved

mode transistor action, depletion mode transistor action, NMOS and

CMOS manufacturing. limit stress

body effect. Ids to Vds ratio, channel length modulation.

Transistor transconductance gm. MOS tube circuit model, model

parameter variation (oxide and junction capacitance, channel resistance) vs.

scale and polarization. Higher order effects (i.e. subthreshold conduction, thermal

Electron effects, narrow channel effects, and punch-through effects.

10

II CMOS logic circuits - nMOS inverters (resistors and active loads),

Pull-Up to Pull-Down Relationship of NMOS Inverter and CMOS Inverter

(Bn/Bp), , determine the inverter parameters (VIL, VIH VOL VOH ) and

noise tolerance. CMOS Inverter Speed and Power Analysis.

Lógica Combinacional, NAND Gate, NOR gate, XOR gate, Compound

gates, 2-input CMOS multiplexers, latches and storage registers,

transmission gates, gate delay estimation, power consumption, and

transistor size.

8

III Basic physical design starting with simple problems of gates and layout. layout problem

CMOS inverters, layout of NAND, NOR and complex logic gates, layout

From TG, Layout optimization using Eular paths. DRC layout rules and

Interconnection issues, crash issues.

8

IV Dynamic CMOS Circuits: Clocked CMOS Logic (C2MOS), DOMINO

Logic, NORA Logic, NP(ZIPPER) Logic, PE (Preload and Evaluation)

logic. Basic memory circuits, SRAM and DRAM.

8

V Physical Design: Introduction to ECAD Tools for Initial and Final Design

VLSI. Custom/ASIC design, design using FPGA and VHDL.

VHDL code for simple logic gates, flip flops, shift registers

6

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 84

textbook:

1. Analysis and Design of Integrated Circuits CMO S. SUNG-MO (STEVE) ANG,

Yusuf Leblebiji, McGraw-Hill (2008)

Related books:

SN name of author/book/publisher publication

again

1 N. Weste and K. Eshraghian, Principles of CMOS VLSI, 2e, Pearson Education. year 2011

2 VLSI Design, PP Sahu, McGraw. 2013

3 VLSI Design, D.P. Dass, Oxford. year 2011

4 Submicron VLSI Chip Design: CMOS Layout and Simulation, Uyemura,

Cengage Learning

2009

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 85

7EC6.1A Advanced Microprocessor

B.Technology. (CE) 7°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

8086 Microprocessor Family: 8086 Architecture - Hardware

specifications, pins and signals, internal data operations and registers,

Min and Max Modes, System Bus Timing, Linking and Execution

programme,

8

two

Software and Instruction Sets: Assembly Language Programming: Addressing

8086 modes and instructions, strings, procedures and macros, 8086

interruption. Manufacturer and Operator Instructions.

8

three

Analog interface: A/D and D/A converter interface, keyboard and

Display interface, RS 232 and IEEE 488 communication standards. a 8086

Based on process control system

8

4

Digital Interface: Programmable Parallel Port, Interface

Microprocessor for keypad and alphanumeric screen, memory interface

and decoding, DMA controller. 8

V

Multiprocessor setup: - Multiuser/multitasking operation

System concept, 8086 based multiprocessor system. Introduction and Basics

286, 386, 486 and Pentium processor characteristics. 8

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 86

textbook

1. Nagoor Kani "Microprocessors and Microcontrollers" McGraw-Hill Education 2nd ed. (2012)

2. Douglas V. Hall "Microprocessors and Hardware and Interface Programming" Tata McGraw-Hill. (2000)

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 A. Ray & K. Bhurchandi. "Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals. Tata McGraw

HILL,

2012

2 A Nagoor Kani "Microprocessors and Microcontrollers" McGraw-Hill Education 2nd ed. 2012

3 An Introduction to Microprocessors, A. P. Mathur Mc Graw Hill 2011

4 The Intel Microprocessor Family: Hardware and Software Principles and

Apps, Antonakos, Learn Cengage

2012

8086 Microprocessor: Programming and PC Interface, Ayala, cengage

apprenticeship

2007

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 87

7EC6.2A Artificial intelligence and expert systems

B.Technology. (CE) 7°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

Exam 3L+0T: 3 hours

Unit content contact information

Hour

1. Introduction to artificial intelligence:

intelligent agent, state space search, informed search, informed search, II

Player game, constraint satisfaction problem.

09

II Knowledge Representation:

Knowledge Representation and Logic, Interfaces in Propositional Logic, First Order

Logic, reasoning using first-order logic, FOPL solving

05

III Knowledge organization:

Rule-Based Systems, Semantic Web, Semantic Web Framework Reasoning, Planning

10

4. Knowledge system:

Rule-Based Expert Systems, Uncertainty Reasoning, Fuzzy Reasoning

07

Acquisition of V knowledge:

Introduction to Learning, Rule Induction and Decision Trees, Learning with Neural Networks

Networks, Probabilistic Learning Natural Language Processing

09

Total 40

textbook:

1. Elaine Rich and Kevin Knight, Artificial Intelligence 3/e, TMH (1991)

2. PADHY: Artificial Intelligence and Intelligent Systems, Oxford (2005)

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 James A Anderson, Introduction to Neural Networks. Bradford Books 1995

2 Dan. W Patterson, Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, PHI 1990

3 Kumar Satish, "Neural Networks" Tata McGraw Hill 2004

4 S. Rajsekaran & G.A. Vijayalakshmi Pai, “Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and

Genetic Algorithms: Synthesis and Applications", Prentice Hall, India.

year 2006

6 Siman Haykin, "Neural Networks", Prentice Hall, India, 1990

7 Artificial Intelligence, Kaushik, Cengage Learning 1997

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 88

7EC4.3A VHDL

B.Technology. (CE) 7°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

Exam 3L+0T: 3 hours

Unit content contact information

Hour

I Introduction: VHDL/PLD Project Methodology, Benefits, Requirements

analysis and specification, VHDL description, verification using simulation,

Functional simulation, logic synthesis, place, route, and timing simulation

The basis and history of various hardware description languages, VHDL for

Design flow for V/s synthetic simulation, ASIC and standard logic circuits.

Implementation Details for SPLDs, CPLDs, and FPGAs

06

II Language Fundamentals: Entities, Architecture, and Coding Style,

Signals and data types, packets, data flow, structures, behavior, and RTL styles

Combinatorial Design, Event-Driven Simulation: Simulation Methods,

Details the process, signals and variables of the signal driver simulator kernel.

07

III Building Blocks of Combinational and Sequential Circuits:

Multiplexer, Synthesis using Shannon Extensions, Decoder, Encoder, Code

Converter, VHDL code for combinational circuits. VHDL code for the trigger,

Shift registers, counters.

09

IV Synchronous/Asynchronous Sequential Circuits: Mealy &

Moore-type FSM, VHDL code for Mealy & Moore machines, for

Serial adders, vending machines.

09

V Digital Systems Project: Building Block Circuits, Memory Organization,

SRAM, divider, multiplier design examples, shift and sort operations,

Clock synchronization, CPU organization and design concepts.

09

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 89

textbook:

1. Digital Logic com VHDL Design, Brown, TMH.(2007)

2. VHDL for Engineers, Short, Pearson. (2011)

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 VHDL (Textbook Binding), Douglas L. Perry, TMH 2002

2 VHDL, a design-driven approach, SS Limaye, TMH 2008

3 VHDL: Programming by Example, Douglas Perry, Oxford, 2002

4 A Designer's Guide to VHDL, Peter J. Ashenden, Oxford

2010

5 Circuit Design Using VHDL, by Volnei A Pedroni, PHI 2004

6 Fundamentals of VHDL Programming, Gaganpreet Kaurt, Pearson 2013

7 Digital system design using VHDL, cengage learning 2008

8 HDL VHDL and VERILOG programming fundamentals. botross. Cengage Learning 2002

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 90

7EC7A Signal and Image Processing Laboratory

B.Technology. (CE) 7°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

2P exam time: 3

number content

1 Analog BPSK transmitter and receiver

2 Design and Simulation of Digital FIR Filters (LP/HP).

3 Design and simulate a digital IIR filter (LP/HP).

4 Reading and displaying grayscale/color images in different formats

5 RGB/HSI conversion in an image, image arithmetic operations.

6 Image histogram and histogram equalization

7 Filtering images in the spatial and frequency domains

8 Morphological operations in image structure analysis

9 Threshold-Based Image Segmentation

10 Image Compression Research

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 91

7EC8A Wireless Communication Laboratory

B.Technology. (CE) 7°

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3P exam: 3 hours

number content

1 Measuring the antenna input characteristics: measuring the input return loss vs.

(i) half-wave dipoles (printed dipoles/strip dipoles), (ii) frequencies in the operating frequency band

Folded dipole and (ii) log-periodic antenna.

2 Measurement of radiation characteristics of one (i) half-wave dipole (printed dipole/strip)

dipole) and (ii) printed Yagi antenna -. Measure two main radiation patterns

Planes and plots on polar plots. Determine the antenna's beamwidth, directivity, and efficiency.

3 Measure antenna gain using absolute gain and relative gain measurements:

• Measure dual quad antenna gain using absolute gain measurements.

• Measure the gain of log-periodic and printed slot antennas using relative gain

Measurement.

4 Circular polarization measurements on a helical antenna.

5 Theoretical demonstration of an antenna array using a single EM coupled rectangular patch, 2x1 EM

Coupled rectangular patch antenna and 2x2 EM coupling.

6 Communication link budget calculation - Formula Friis and demo with transmission

and receive the antenna configuration.

7 Radar Trainer: Doppler Radar Operation, Moving Object Velocity, Time and Frequency

measurement and other applications.

8 Modulation, demodulation and BER measurements using CDMA-DSSS

trainer.

9 Establish analog/digital communication links, send and receive three-way signals

(Audio, Video, Tone) Simultaneous use of the Satcom Trainer.

10 Study the GPS receiver, establish the link between the GPS satellites and the GPS trainer, and

Longitude and latitude measurement

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 92

8EC1A Integrated Circuit Technology

B.Technology. (CE) 8º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T exam: 3H

Unit content contact information

Hour

I Technical Introduction IC-Semiconductor Substrate-

Crystal Defects, Electronic Grade Silicon, Czochralski Growth, Wave Bands

Growth, Characterization and Evaluation of Crystals; Wafer Preparation - Silicon

Modeling, sculpting and polishing, chemical cleaning.

8

II Diffusion and Oxidation - 1D Ficks Diffusion Equation,

Atomic model, analytical solution of Fix's law, simple theoretical correction,

Diffusion in SiO2. Ion implantation and ion implantation systems. oxidation

Oxidative, linear and parabolic growth mechanisms and the Deal-Grove model

Rate coefficients, SiO2 structures, oxidation techniques and systems, oxides

characteristic.

9

III Chemical Vapor Deposition and Epitaxial Layers

GROWTH - CVD for Thick Layer Deposition of Dielectrics and Polysilicon - a

Simple CVD system, chemical equilibrium and law of mass action,

Introduction to dielectric constant pressure CVD and dielectric low pressure CVD

and semiconductors. Epitaxy - vapor phase epitaxy, epitaxy defects

Growth, metalorganic chemical vapor deposition, molecular beam epitaxy.

9

IV Pattern Transfer and Engraving - Introduction to Photography/Optics

Lithography, contact/proximity printers, projection printers, mask generation,

Photoresist. Dry and wet etching, anisotropic etching methods, plasma

Corrosion, Reactive Ion Erosion (RIE).

8

V Process Integrated VLSI - Oxide Connection and Isolation, LOCOS

Method, Trench Insulation, SOI; Metallization, Planarization. primary

Consider IC processing, NMOS IC technology, CMOS IC

technology, bipolar IC technology. Fault Diagnosis and Characterization

Skill.

6

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 93

textbook:

1. S.M. Wednesday (Ed), Tecnologia VLSI, 2º

ed., McGraw-Hill (1988).

Related books:

Number Title/Publication/Author Publication

again

1 S.K. Ghandhi, Principles of VLSI Manufacturing, John Wiley Inc., New York, 1983

2 IC Technology, Gouranga Bose, McGraw Hill 2013

3 C.Y. Chang e S.M.Sze (Ed), ULSI Technology, McGraw Hill Companies

company

1996

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 94

8EC2A Radar and Television Engineering

B.Technology. (CE) 8º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

I RADAR - Radar block diagrams, frequencies and applications. radar

range equation. Continuous wave (CW) and FM radar; moving targets

Indicator (MTI): Delay Line Canceller, Blind Speed Pulse Doppler Radar.

Continuous waveguides for tracking radar, cone-scan and monopulse radar,

Display type, radar receiver, noise figure. Navigator -

How radar direction finders and ranging systems work. Lauren

system, DME, TACAN, aircraft landing system.

10

TV system two. Block diagram of a TV transmitter. the rules

Monochrome and color television systems (PAL, SECAM, NTSC). theory of

Scan mode, composite video signal analysis. TV Camera: Image

orthicon, plumbicon, vidicon and CCD pickup tubes. Simulation type

monochrome and color tubes,

8

3. Processing and transmission of TV signals:

modulation of video and sound signals, vestigial sideband transmission,

color and monochrome frequency interleaving compatibility and

Transmission of color signals, images, sound and color subcarriers.

Coding of image information. Color generation, color difference and

Chroma signal modulation. TV transmitting and receiving antenna.

8

Basic Circuit of IV TV RECEIVER: T.V. Function Block Diagram

Receiver, RF Tuner, IF Amplifier, Video Detector, Video Amplifier, AGC,

Synchronize. Separation, synchronization. Deal and AFC. deflection oscillator,

Vertical and horizontal deflection and sound system circuits. EHT

generation. Common faults and their diagnosis. HDTV Basic Concepts,

DBS TV and 3D TV.

8

V Modern Television Systems: Digital Television Transmission and Reception

Signal, DISHTV, DTH and CATV, by transmitting TV signal

How satellites and transponders work, HDTV, DBS-TV, IPTV

and 3D TV. Modern TV receivers with LCD, LED and plasma displays.

6

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 95

textbook:

1. Monochrome and Color Television, R R Gulathi, Wiley Eastern Ltd. (2007).

2. Introduction to Radar Systems, No. 3, M I Skolink, MGH. (2003).

reference book:

Number Title/Publication/Author Publication

again

1. Television and Video Systems Engineering, R G Gupta, MGH 2005

2. Television and Video Engineering, AM Dhake, MGH 1995

3. Nathanson, F.E., "Principles of Radar Design", McGraw-Hill Inc., 1991

4. Principles, Techniques, Applications, Prentice Hall 1993

5. D.K.Barton, Analysis of Modern Radar Systems, Artech House, 1988

6. Microwave and Radar Engineering, G.S.B. Rao, Pearson P. 2013

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 96

8EC3A MEMS and Nanotechnology

B.Technology. (CE) 8º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+1T exam hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

An introduction to nanoelectronics: top-down and bottom-up approaches,

The potential of nanotechnology, the idea of band structure - metals, insulators and

semiconductor. Effect of crystal size on density of states and bandgap,

Electronic structure of nanoparticles. nanostructured crystals, size and

Dimensional Effects - Single Electron Tunneling - Applications -

Superconductivity, graphene and carbon nanotubes. 08

two

Nanofabrication and Modeling Techniques: Silicon Processing Methods,

Cleaning/etching, oxidation, abrasion, doping, epitaxy. DC CV and MOCVD,

Physical vapor deposition (PVD), liquid phase techniques, self-assembly

and catalysis. Engraving: wet and dry, nanolithography, nanoprinting, X-

X-ray lithography (XRL), particle beam lithography (e-beam, FIB, shadow

mask evaporation), 09

three

General Characterization Techniques: X-ray Diffraction Studies -

Bragg's Law - Particle Size - Scherrer Equation, Infrared Spectroscopy

Semiconductors, Raman spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS),

NMR spectrum, ESR spectrum. Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) -

SEM, TEM, STM, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). 09

4

electrical, magnetic, mechanical and optical properties and

form:

Electronic and Electrical Properties - 1D Systems - Metals

Nanowires, quantum dots - two-dimensional systems - quantum wells.

Magnetic - Transports in a magnetic field. Mechanical behavior,

Optical Properties, Evolving Nanointerfaces in Nanobiology, Nano

Sensors and Nanomedicine 07

V

MEMS and Microsystems:

Evolution of Microfabrication - Microsystems and Microelectronics.

Applications of MEMS in various fields. Introduction - Substrates and

Wafer, active substrate material. Silicon as substrate material, MEMS

Package. Encapsulated Pressure Sensor Case Study. 07

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 97

textbook

1. Nano Essentials，T Pradeep，Mc Graw Hill，(2008)。

2. Nanotechnology sensors, Kourosh Kalantar-zadehand Benjamin Fry, Springer, (2007).

related books

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Fundamentals of Nanoelectronics, George W. Hanson, Pearson 2009

2 Nanotechnology Director, G. A. Mansoori, Wiley 2005

3 Mems e Micro Systems，Mahalik，TMH 2007

4 MEMS，Gabriel，Wiley 2006

5 MEMS, A.R. Jha, CRC 2008

6 Nanometer Manufacturing, CRC 2012

7 MEMS & Microsystems, Design and Manufacture, Tai-Ran HSU, TMH 2013

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 98

8EC4.1A Computer network

B.Technology. (CE) 8º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

I Queuing Theory - Pure Birth, Pure Death, and Birth-Death Processes, 2

Prepare mathematical models from M/M/1, M/M/∞, M/M/m, M/M/1/K

line M/M/m/m. Little's formula.

5

II Physical and Data Link Layers - OSI Model and TCP/IP Reference

model, line coding scheme, circuit and packet switching, virtual

network circuit,

3

Framing, Simplex Protocol, Simplex Stop and Wait Protocol, Sliding

window protocol, post-N protocol, selective repeat,

3

High Density Communications, PPP 2

III MAC Sublayer - Static and Dynamic Channel Assignment, Multiple Access

Protocols: ALOHA, Slotted ALOHA, CSMA, Token Bus, Token Ring,

FDDI

4

IEEE 1002.3 and 1002.5 Standards, Virtual Circuit Networks: Frame Relay

& ATM structure and protocol architecture,

3

Network connectivity devices: hubs, bridges, switches, routers, and

appetizer

2

Network Layer IV - IPv4 and IPv6 addressing and datagrams,

Network interconnection, non-adaptive and adaptive routing algorithms,

4

Distance vector routing and link state routing algorithms, OSPF and

Border Gateway Protocol

4

V Transport and Application Layer - Client Service Paradigm, TCP

Frame format, data flow descriptor, QoS, congestion and its control

algorithm,

4

Improve QoS through different queuing schemes, leaky buckets and tokens

bucket implementation, domain name, Internet DNS, SMTP,

FTP、WWW、HTTP

4

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 99

textbook:

1. Forouzan, "Data Communications and Networks," 5th ed., Mcgraw-Hill, (2006).

Related books:

SN name of author/book/publisher publication

again

1 Tanenbaum, "Computer Networks", 5th ed., Pearson Education 2012

2 Leon Garcia, Widjaja, "Communication Networks", 2nd ed., Mcgraw-Hill 2003

3 Stallings, "Computer Data and Communications", No. 10

Ed, Pearson Education 2013

4 Bertsekas, Gallager, "Data Networks", No. 2

Editor, PHI 1992

5 Computer Networks, Dave, cengage learning 2003

6 Basic knowledge of network and data communication, White, cengage

apprenticeship

2013

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 100

8EC4.2A operating system

B.Technology. (CE) 8º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

united nations university

content

touch

Three hours

I Introduction - History, OS Services, Types,

Responsibilities, generations, LINUX, WINDOWS. 6

two

Process management - actions in a process, process status,

scheduling, criteria, scheduling algorithm, evaluation,

Synchronization, semaphores, monitors. 8

three

Memory management - swap, contiguous memory

allocation, paging, pure paging, demand paging, page replacement

Algorithms, dithering, Example-Pentium, disk scheduling. 10

4

Information management - the concept of files and directories,

access methods, protection, free space management, efficiency and

performance, access matrix, capacity-based systems,

Threats, user authentication, firewalls. 10

V

DEAD LOCKS - system model, deadlock characterization,

deadlock prevention, prevention, detection, recovery, classic

Synchronization problem.

6

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 101

textbook:

1. Sistemas operacionais, Dhamdhere, TMH, (2006).

2. Operating Systems: Crowley, TMH, (1996).

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Modern Operating Systems, Andrew S Tanenbaum, PHI 2008

2 OS: Pal Chaudhury, PHI 2009

3 Operating System Principles, Peter B. Galvin, Greg Gagne, John Wiley & Sons 2002

4 Operating Systems, Gary Nutt, Pearson 2003

5 Operating Systems: Internal Structure and Design Principles, William Stallings, Pearson 2012

6 Understanding Operating Systems, Flynn, cengage learning 2009

7 Operating Systems: Principles, Design, and Applications, Cengage Learning 2002

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 102

8EC4.3A Microcontrollers and Integrated Systems

B.Technology. (CE) 8º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3L+0T Exam Hours: 3

Unit content contact information

Hour

European Union

8051 Microcontroller: Introduction, 8051

Microcontroller hardware, I/O pins, ports, external memory, counters, and

timer, serial data.

8

two

8051 assembly language programming: addressing modes,

External data movement, stack, push and pop opcodes, logical operations, bytes

level and bit level logic operations. Arithmetic operations, jumps and calls

Instructions, interrupts and returns. 8

three

Real-time control: interrupt, multiple interrupt sources, no

Maskable Interrupt Sources, 8051 Interrupt Framework, Timers, Free

Run counters and real-time controls. 8

4

System Design: Serial I/O Interface, Parallel I/O Port Interface, Digital

and analog interface methods, LED matrices, keypads, printers, flashlights

memory interface. 8

V

Introduction to Integrated Systems: Applications

Interface microcontrollers, MCU-based measurement instruments. real

system design time operating system, multitasking system, task

Definition in multitasking system, cycle scheduling, complete

Preemptive Scheduling, Fundamental Research, and Functionality of Commercial RTOSs:

WINCE and Embedded Linux. 8

Total 40

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 103

textbook:

1. Kenneth J. Ayala, "The 8051 Microcontroller," Penram Interface Publishing, 1996.

2. Rajkamal, “Sistemas Incorporados” TMH

Related books:

SN Author/Book/Publisher Name Year

publication

1 Textbook on Microprocessors and Microcontrollers, R. Thegarajan, Scitech Publishers 2002

2 8051 Microcontrollers and Embedded Systems Using Assembly and C, K Ayala &

D. Gadre, Cengage Learning

year 2004

3 8051 Microcontrollers and Integrated Systems, Mazidi, PHI 2004

4 8051 Microcontroller, Ayala, Learning Cengage 2009

5 8051 Microcontrollers and Embedded Systems Using Assembly and C, Ayala/Gadre

Cengage Learning

2005

6 Textbook of Microprocessors and Microcontrollers, R.S. Kaler I. K. International

Publisher Unip. limited company

2009

7 Embedded Systems and Robotics: Projects Using 8051 Microcontrollers, cengage

apprenticeship

8 Embedded System Design Using C8051, Huang, Cengage Learning

9 Real-time interface of embedded microcomputer system, Valvano, Cengage Learning

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 104

8EC5A RF Manufacturing Laboratory

B.Technology. (CE) 8º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3P exam time: 3

number content

1. Design and manufacture the following planar transmission lines:

• Stripline and Microstrip

• Coupling parallel stripline and microstrip lines

• Groove and coplanar lines

Measure its S-parameters and characteristic impedance.

2 Design and manufacture the following items;

• 3 dB stub coupler,

• retrograde wave coupler,

• Wilkinson Power Divider

• Low pass filter

• Bandpass filter.

Measure its S-parameters and frequency response.

3 Design, Fabrication, and Measurement of RF Amplifiers Using Microwave BJTs.

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 105

8EC6 Industrial Economics and Management

Textbooks: 1. Subburay, Total Quality Management, TMH. (2011)

2. Barthwal R.R- Industrial Economics. wiley orient ltd.

Related books:

1. Tirole Jean—The theory of industrial organization. MIT Press

2. Ahluwalia I.J – Industrial Growth in India. Oxford University Press

3. Divine P.J and R.M Jones et al - Introduction to Industrial Economics. George Allen & Unwin Limited

London.

4. Peter F. Drucker – Management Principles and Practice. Prentice Hall Ltd

B.Technology. (CE) 8º

No. maximum. Grade: 50

Exam time: 3 2P

number content

1. The economic framework of industry - organizational forms of firms and alternative motivations,

Industrial efficiency, profit theory, market structure, cost accounting principles.

2.

Methods of industrial location analysis, productivity analysis, input-output analysis,

Concentration of economic power.

New Industrial Policy - Critical Analysis, Technology and the Role of Entrepreneurship in Industry

develop.

3.

Industrial Project Evaluation - Industry Classification, Indian Industry Legislation, Recent

Trends in Multinational Corporations, LPG, FDI and Joint Ventures, Project Valuation Methods - NPV, CBA, IRR,

Balance analysis.

4. Management—management principles, management functions——

planning, organization, personnel, direction, control, coordination, decision-making

5.

Emerging issues - total quality management, JIT, quality circles, Kanban, benchmarking,

Six Sigma, Quality Management, ISO 9000, ISO 14000, Customer Relationship Management

(Customer Relationship Management).

Syllabus for B.Tech. (Electronic and Communication Engineering) Rajasthan Technical University KotaPage 106

8EC7A VLSI Design and Optical Fiber Lab

B.Technology. (CE) 8º

No. maximum. Brand: 100

3P exam time: 3

number content

Part 1: Design and simulate the following VLSI circuit using EDA tools (software)

Schematic design and device-level layout of the following circuit.

1. Design 2 inputs NAND, NOR, and XOR using CMOS logic. make your static and

Dynamic analysis of speed and power consumption.

2. Design 2X1 and 4X1 multiplexers using transmission gates (TG. Make your static and

Dynamic analysis of speed and power consumption.

3. Design an SR latch and a D latch using CMOS. Get your static and dynamic analysis

speed and power consumption.

4. Design a SRAM and DRAM memory cell. Get your static and dynamic analysis

speed and power consumption.

PART II Design and simulate the following VLSI circuit using VHDL, then

Program/implement the circuit in the FPGA kit for real input.

5. Design a 4-bit parallel adder. Get your port number, region and speed and

energy dissipation.

6. Design a 4-bit serial-in serial-out shift register. Get your port number, region and

speed and power consumption.

7. Design a 4-bit binary synchronous counter. Get your port number, region and

speed and power consumption.

the third part.

The following experiments are performed based on Fiber Optic Trainer.

8. Configure the fiber analog link.

9. Configure the optical fiber digital link.

10. Measurement of propagation loss and numerical aperture.

11. Characterization of laser diodes and light emitting diodes (Characteristics VI).

## FAQs

### What is the syllabus of ECE? ›

1st Sem | 2nd Sem |
---|---|

Physics | Chemistry |

Basic Environmental Science and Engineering | Communication Skills |

Engineering Graphics | Basic Electrical Engineering |

Basic Electronics Engineering | Electromagnetic Field Theory |

**What is the meaning of ECE in engineering? ›**

The main objective of the BTech (ECE) program is to equip students with necessary core competency to succeed long-term in engineering/ entrepreneurship careers after completing their B.

**Is ECE harder than CSE? ›**

**ECE is the second most demanding branch after CSE**. We can not say better but CSE is more secure field and easy to get job sector. ECE is also good but not much as CSE. ECE is the second most demanding branch after CSE.

**What is the salary of ECE engineer in India? ›**

ECE Engineer salary in India ranges between **₹ 0.2 Lakhs to ₹ 18.3 Lakhs** with an average annual salary of ₹ 2.7 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 114 latest salaries received from ECE Engineers.

**Which engineering has highest salary? ›**

**Top 10 Highest Paying Engineering Jobs of 2022**

- Systems Engineer. ...
- Electrical Engineer. ...
- Chemical Engineer. ...
- Big Data Engineer. ...
- Nuclear Engineer. ...
- Aerospace Engineer. ...
- Computer Hardware Engineer. ...
- Petroleum Engineer.

**Is ECE better than electrical engineering? ›**

As far as scope is concerned, both EEE and ECE are evergreen branches. ECE students can get into IT sectors easily, while the demand of EEE students is high in core companies. PSUs such as BEL, DRMC. PSUs such as BHEL, NTPC, DMRC, NHPC, Power Grid.

**Is ECE engineering a good career? ›**

**ECE is a thriving sector with multiple job opportunities across industries**. With the advancements in technology and the introduction of new gadgets, the ECE degree holders can look forward to a deluge of career avenues, that too in the best companies.

**Is ECE difficult? ›**

**Whether ECE is considered a hard course or not depends on the individual's abilities and preferences**. For some people, it may be more difficult than others, but with effort and dedication, anyone can succeed.

**Is ECE the hardest major? ›**

**Students consider electrical engineering to be the toughest major** mostly because of the abstract thinking involved. With majors like civil engineering, you can visually see the effect of what you're designing.

**Is ECE is better than CSE? ›**

ECE graduates can work in fields including wireless communication, signal processing, control systems, power systems, and embedded systems, whereas CSE graduates can work in software development, data analysis, and artificial intelligence.

### Who is the highest paid in ECE? ›

- Teacher's Aid. ...
- Nanny. ...
- Grant Writer. ...
- Early Childhood Special Education Teacher. ...
- Kindergarten Teacher. ...
- Preschool or Child Care Center Director. ...
- Early Childhood Education Professor. Median Annual for this early childhood education salary: $78,470. ...
- School Principal. Median Annual for this early childhood education salary: $95,310.

**How much does ECE student earn in USA? ›**

Annual Salary | Monthly Pay | |
---|---|---|

Top Earners | $145,000 | $12,083 |

75th Percentile | $101,500 | $8,458 |

Average | $88,078 | $7,339 |

25th Percentile | $67,000 | $5,583 |

**Which is the highest paid jobs in ECE? ›**

Designation | Average Salary Yearly Yearly Monthly |
---|---|

ECE Engineer (0 - 4 yrs exp) | ₹ 1,34,444/yr (₹25.0K/yr - ₹4.0L/yr) |

Assistant Sales Manager (6 - 15 yrs exp) | ₹ 8,75,000/yr (₹8.0L/yr - ₹10.0L/yr) |

Senior Engineer (5 - 14 yrs exp) | ₹ 5,21,954/yr (₹3.9L/yr - ₹6.5L/yr) |

**Which engineer is highest paid in India? ›**

With an average salary between ₹ 8,00,000 and ₹10,00,000 per annum, the **aerospace engineer** is among the highest paying engineering jobs.

**Which engineer is most in demand? ›**

The most demanded engineering courses include **Computer Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Solar Engineering, Wind Energy Engineering, Nanotechnology**, etc.

**Which is the hardest engineering? ›**

Top 3 Hardest Engineering Majors | Top 3 Easiest Engineering Majors |
---|---|

1. Chemical engineering (19.66 hours) | 1. Industrial engineering (15.68 hours) |

2. Aero and astronautical engineering (19.24 hours) | 2. Computer engineering and technology (16.46 hours) |

**Is there coding in ECE? ›**

**Topics covered will include speech analysis and coding**; image and video compression and processing. A class project is required, algorithms simulated by MATLAB. Prerequisites: ECE 161A. Analysis and design of analog circuits and systems.

**Which branch is best in engineering? ›**

**Here are the best engineering branches and courses for the future:**

- Aerospace Engineering.
- Chemical Engineering.
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering.
- Petroleum Engineering.
- Telecommunication Engineering.
- Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence.
- Robotics Engineering.
- Biochemical Engineering.

**Is ECE degree worth it? ›**

Among other outcomes, an Early Childhood Education degree will give you the ability to: Design developmentally appropriate teaching strategies to implement professional learning standards and curriculum focused on meeting the academic and developmental needs of children.

**Is electrical engineering harder than ECE? ›**

This is the study where different applications of electrical systems in diverse environments are taught. ECE is the opposite; it involves the research and development of electrical and communication systems. Basically, **EEE is tougher than ECE because of the lengthy syllabus**.

### Is there future for ECE? ›

ECE students also have **lots of opportunities in Government and private companies in the areas of design, manufacture, installation, operation, and maintenance of electronics equipment and systems**.

**Why IT is better than ECE? ›**

Cs and ece both are good branches as they have lot of scope. Making a choice between CS and ECE depends totally on the person. If you are good at coding or you have interest in programming and algorithm then go for CS. But if you don't have interest then go for ECE.

**What are the basics of ECE? ›**

**The basics of electrical quantities are of particular importance - everything from electrical current, through voltage and power are all of great importance.**

- Capacitance.
- Current - electric current.
- Decibel, dB.
- Inductance.
- Kirchoff's laws.
- Noise - electrical & RF. Avalanche noise. Burst noise. Flicker noise. Phase noise.

**Is studying ECE hard? ›**

**Whether ECE is considered a hard course or not depends on the individual's abilities and preferences**. For some people, it may be more difficult than others, but with effort and dedication, anyone can succeed.

**Does ECE have coding in syllabus? ›**

Answer. **YES**. This is one of the extra skill which is going to be common requirement is upcoming time.

**Is coding taught in ECE? ›**

**The most needed languages for ECE are C,C++ and Java**. In the first two years of your Engineering,may be we don't apply much with programming. Java.

**Which is better ECE or CSE? ›**

The only difference lies in the interest of the candidates while deciding upon the courses. **A candidate with an interest in electronics and having achieved all the above eligibility can apply for the course of ECE**. Similarly, candidates who have got interested in computer science can take up the course of CSE.

**What skills should I learn for ECE engineering? ›**

**What Skills Should an Electrical Engineer Have?**

- Circuit design.
- Apply linear systems theory and analysis.
- Develop electrical schematics.
- Data collection and analysis.
- Build and operate computer systems.
- Prepare operational plans.
- Electronic equipment maintenance.
- Direct construction activities and equipment upkeep.

**Which is better ECE or AI? ›**

When it comes to CSE (AI) it is a specialisation branch. You have ample of opportunities in research field with high packages. You have interest in this field you may very well choose this branch. **ECE is mostly chosen commonly by many Engineering students**.

**Is ECE in demand? ›**

**The profile of electronics engineer has a great demand in the market** and this has created a lot of opportunities for the ECE aspirants. ECE students could also pursue in the communications, networking, and broadcast, transmission systems work area.

### Do ECE students need laptop? ›

**All undergraduate students entering Electrical and Computer Engineering are required to have a laptop for use in course work**.

**Which language is required for ECE students? ›**

Opportunities for ECE Students

These include languages like **C++ and Python** and platforms like Arduino and Raspberry Pi.